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7th grade, The First Americans
|What goes first longitude or latitude?
|What are the 5 themes of geography?
|location, Place, Regions, Human environment interactions, movement
|uses coordinates of latitude and longitude
|describes a place in relation to another place
|90* south latitude
|What is the international dateline?
|a non straight although it mostly runs along 180*, it attempts to avoid land because it less confusing
|the characteristics (physical/cultural) that make every location on earth unique
|areas that share something in common (physical/cultural)
|human environment interactions?
|how people change environment change to help them survive and thrive
|when people move they also move their ideas and culture
|scientists measure the amount of radioactive carbon in an artifact that twas once alive
|person that moves from place to place
|society governed by religious leaders
|the study of ancient peoples
|the Iroquois people people were organized into groups of related families
|official language of the Inca empire
|tool, weapon, basket, or carving of early peoples
|structure of stone and sun dried built by the Anasazi people
|symbols or pictures that represent things, ideas,and sounds
|movement of a large number of people into a new land
|high developed societys
|various lengths and colors of string used by the Incas to record info
|an early form of corn
|government that links different groups
|a person's or group's way of life
|the 10 things needed to make a civilization
|communication,food, water, regligion, rules/laws,leadership, specialization, protection, Freetime
|had a spoken language, had hieroglyphics, kept records called codices,
|each level went through Mayan history
|legends say they came from corn, had farming skills,, could feed 20,000+ chewed chicle (first gum)
|problem for mayans, might have caused a drought
|had 1 god (itzamna), they burid dead under homes, servents killed with their leaders, if your child died the mother would cut off her fingertip
|who are the bird people and why?
|the mayoans. their gods were imangined as birds so they wanted to be like them
|examples of what they did to be bird people
|babies= crass eyed, they tattoed body bird colors, tried to make nose beak-like, sharpened teeth
|no government, leaders were kings who gained power in war
|mayan rules/ laws?
|were strict (cut hair short, servent of victim, thrown off a cliff)
|had many jobs
|designed cities for protection, kings had army of warriors
|mayan friendships/ aliances?
|no prmenant alliances
|which civilization had a lot of gold?
|spoke quecha, had no written language-used special knotted ropes (quipus) to send a message, runners called Chaskis could deliver a message 1,500 miles in a week
|buiilt terraces to farm tha mountain terran, meat was alpaca and guinea pig, ate potatoes
|built aquaducts so melting snow would flow into settlements
|sunworshipers, leader was the inca (who was a god)last inca was Atahualpa, inca married siblings, had human and animal sacrifices
|inca choose woman to be his advisors, allowed conqured people to keep their leaders/culture if they followed inca culture
|inca rules /laws
|almost no crime in inca empire, laws were harsh
|had many differnt jobs
|had both nature protection (lived in Andes Mts.)and a strong army
|encouraged groups to became alliances, those who refused either attacked or forced to join
|had accomplishments (Maccu piccu, Brain surgery, stone arches)incas loved music-panpipe, all accomplished with no written language!
|called themselves "the Mexica"
|spoke/wrote language called Nahuati
|Where they found an eagle eating a snake on a cactus, which meant they would build a great city there
|the aztecs, in tenochtitlan-they built 3 causeways from island to land
|similiar to mayans, bought food at city market,rich drank chocolate- which cocoa beans were used as money!
|used aqueducts (carried 3+ miles)had running water in homes of wealthy- aztecs were very clean, drank wine (tequila) but if you got drunk you would be killed
|Huitzilopochtli-god of war, Quetzalcoatl-the creator god
|solar- 365 days, had 5 days of darkness, bad luck days(18 months of 20 days) Religious-240 days every 52 years they started on the same day-if they hadnt sacrificed enough people the world would end(in fire with super charged jaguars