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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
King George 3rd the British monarch who wanted to enforce the proclamation and keep peace with Britain's Native American allies
Quartering Act a law passed by Parliament in 1765 that required the colonies to house and supply British soldiers
revenue income a government collects to cover expenses
Sugar Act a law passed by Parliament in 1764 that placed tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies; also called for harsh punishment of smugglers
Stamp Act a law passed by Parliament in 1765 that required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing a tax had been paid
Patrick Henry was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, called for resistance to the Stamp Act
boycott a refusal to buy certain goods
Sons of Liberty a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
Crispus Attucks was a man born in 1723 who was not treated equally and was also apart of the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770, where he lost his life fighting for freedom
Townshend Acts a series of laws passed by Parliament in 1767 that suspended New York's assembly and established taxes on goods brought into the British colonies
writs of assistance a search warrant that allowed British officers to enter colonial homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods
Samuel Adams leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty
Boston Massacre a clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1773 to protest to Tea Act
John Adams was a lawyer and cousin of Samuel Adams who defended the redcoats in court
committee of correspondence a group of people in the colonies who exchanged letters on colonial affairs
Boston Tea Party the dumping of 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
militia a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community during the American Revolution; an emergency military force that is not part of the regular army
Minutemen a member of the colonial militia who was trained to respond "at a minute's warning"
Intolerable Acts a series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress a meeting of delegates in 1774 from all the colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights
Paul Revere a Boston silversmith who was charged with spreading the news about British troop movements; galloped with William Dawes on their "midnight ride"
Lexington and Concord sites in Massachusetts of the first battles of the American Revolution
Loyalist an American colonist who supported the British in the American Revolution
Patriot an American colonist who sided with the rebels in the American Revolution
Ethan Allen leader of backwoodsmen known as the Green Mountain Boys
artillery a cannon or a large gun
Second Continental Congress a governed body whose delegates agreed, in May 1775, to from the Continental Army and to approve the Declaration of Independence
Continental Army a colonial force authorized by the Second Continental Congress in 1775, with George Washington as its commanding general
Benedict Arnold he was an officer who played a role in the victory at Fort Ticonderoga
Declaration of Independence the document, written in 1776, in which the colonies declared independence from Britain
Thomas Jefferson part of a committee to draft the Declaration of Independence; he was chosen to draft the Declaration
Created by: s0205202