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s+P test 1

NWHSU S+P TEST 1

QuestionAnswer
Atypical lumbar vertebra includes _____; this contains the ________ a. L5; cauda equina b. L3; cauda equina c. L5; conus medullaris d. L3; conus medullaris L5; cauda equina
The lumbar facets on the SAPs are _____ while the facets on the IAPs are _______ A.Convex, Concave B.Concave, Convex C.Flat, Concave D.Concave, Flat Concave, Convex
Which way do the facets of the superior articular processes face in the lumbar spine? a. Anterior;medial b. Anterior;lateral c. Posterior;medial d. Posterior;lateral Posterior;medial
What shape do the pedicals make in the c-spine? a. Triangle b. Circle c. Oval d. Rectangle Circle
Atlas body is a. Thicker top to bottom than AP b. Thicker AP than top to bottom c. Thinner AP than side to side d. Wider side to side than top to bottom thicker top to bottom than AP
What structure in C2 is covered by superior facets? a. Lamina b. Pars c. Pedicles d. TP’s pedicles
Behind the superior facet on C2 there is a groove for the exit of what? a. A artery b. A vein c. A nerve d. A ligament nerve
What direction do the superior C2 facets face? a. Up;medial b. Up;lateral c. Down;medial d. Down;lateral Up:lateral
What direction do the inferior facets of C2 face? a. Up;medial b. Up;lateral c. Down;medial d. Down;lateral Down;lateral
What direction does the SAPs in the thoracic spine face? A. Inferior, anterior, slight lateral B. Superior, posterior, slight lateral C. Inferior, anterior, slight medial D. Superior, posterior, slight medial Superior, posterior, slight lateral
What direction does the IAPs in the thoracic spine face? A. Inferior, anterior, slight lateral B. Superior, posterior, slight lateral C. Inferior, anterior, slight medial D. Superior, posterior, slight medial Inferior, anterior, slight medial
What degree angle does the Z joint in the thoracic spine make to the horizontal plane? A. 45 B. 30 C. 60 D. 20 60
The facets in the mid-thoracic spine that articulate with the ribs are a. More cupped b. Flat c. Convex d. Cancave More cupped
The facets in the lower thoracic spine that articulate with the ribs are a. More cupped b. Flat c. Convex d. Cancave Flat
What thoracic segment has the largest demifacet? a. 5 b. 12 c. 4 d. 9 9
Which lower thoracic segment has NO demifacet? a. 9 b. 10 c. 11 d. 12 10
The IAP of T12 faces what directions? a. Anterior and lateral b. Medial and inferior c. Lateral and superior d. Anterior and inferior Anterior and lateral
What section of the thoracic spine is known as the critical zone? a. T3-­12 b. T7-­9 c. T3-­9 d. T4-­9 T4-9
The superior facets of the lumbar spine face A. Posterior; medial B. Posterior; lateral C. Anterior; medial D. Anterior; lateral posterior; medial
The inferior facets of the lumbar spine face A. Posterior; medial B. Posterior; lateral C. Anterior; medial D. Anterior; lateral anterior; lateral
Which lumbar segment is atypical? a. L1 b. L3 c. L4 d. L5 L5
What is the largest SP in the C-spine? C2
What is the longest SP in the C-spine? C7
What disease do the endplates of usually thoracic vertebra not fully ossify. (causes disc herniation) Scheurmans disease
Another fancy name for facet joints? Z_______ Joint Zygopophyseal joint
What causes enlargement of the ribs? This can happen anywhere but is typical of ribs. Fibrous Dysplasia
What is Pectus excavatum concave chest ribs slope up, sternum in compressed
The sloped medial aspect of pedicles happens on lumbar vertibrae and is called _____ ______. Lateral Recess
Very small spurring at the anterior vertebral body corners (pre-osteophyte) A. Spondylolosis B. Spondylolysis C. Spondyolisthesis Spondylolosis
Break in pars interarticularis (unilateral or bilateral) caused by trauma or repetitive microtrauma A. Spondylolosis B. Spondylolysis C. Spondyolisthesis Spondylolysis
Forward slip of the vertebral body. A. Spondylolosis B. Spondylolysis C. Spondylolisthesis Spondylolisthesis
Newman or wiltse classification system is based on ______ or ________. cause or morphology
Increased sacral base angle (Type 1) A. Dysplastic or congenital spondylolisthesis B. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis C. Isthmic (Lytic) spondylolisthesis D.Traumatic Spondylolisthesis E. Pathological Spondylolisthesis F.Latrogenic Spondylolisthesis Dysplastic or congenital spondylolisthesis
Stress type A, Elongated type B, Acute type C (Common at L5 defect in pars)(Type 2) A. Dysplastic or congenital B. Degenerative C. Isthmic (Lytic) D.Traumatic E. Pathological F.Latrogenic Isthmic (Lytic) Spondylolisthesis
No breaks!!!=always type 3 facet joint degeneration A. Dysplastic or congenital spondylolisthesis B. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis C. Isthmic (Lytic) spondylolisthesis D.Traumatic Spondylolisthesis E. Pathological Spondylolisthesis F.Latrogenic Degenerative spondylolisthesis
Fracture in posterior arch or anywhere except pars! Type 4 A. Dysplastic or congenital B. Degenerative C. Isthmic (Lytic) D.Traumatic E. Pathological F.Latrogenic Traumatic spondylolisthesis
Any bone tumor (type 5) A. Dysplastic or congenital spondylolisthesis B. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis C. Isthmic (Lytic) spondylolisthesis D.Traumatic Spondylolisthesis E. Pathological Spondylolisthesis F.Latrogenic Spondylolisthesis Pathological spondylolisthesis
Doctor induced (type 6) A. Dysplastic or congenital spondylolisthesis B. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis C. Isthmic (Lytic) spondylolisthesis D.Traumatic Spondylolisthesis E. Pathological Spondylolisthesis F.Latrogenic Spondylolisthesis Latrogenic spondylolisthesis
M_________ classification system is grades _-_ for spondylolisthesis. Meyerdings classification system, grades 1-4
Structural Scoliosis is ______. The curve _______ change with body position. A. Fixed, does not B. fixed, Does C. functional, does not D. Functional, does fixed, does not
Non structural scoliosis is _______. The curve ______ change with body position. A. Fixed, does not B. fixed, Does C. functional, does not D. Functional, does functional, does
Most common form (80%) of scoliosis? Infantile up to 3 yrs of age most resolve. Juvenile 3-10 30% require surgery Adolescent 10+ yrs of age A. Neuromuscular scoliosis B. Idiopathic scoliosis C. Congenital scoliosis Idiopathic scoliosis
F:M of 9:1 for this scoliosis subtype. Rapid progression between __-__ yrs of age. A. Neuromuscular scoliosis B. Idiopathic scoliosis C. Congenital scoliosis Idiopathic scoliosis, 12-16
Tensile forces _______ bone growth while compressive forces ______ bone growth. This is called ______-______ Principle A. Inhibit; stimulate B. Stimulate; Inhibit Stimulate; inhibit, Heuter-Volkmann Principle
Long C-Shaped curve scoliosis. (Polio,cereral palsy, syringomyelia, spinal cord tumor, trauma) A. Neuromuscular scoliosis B. Idiopathic scoliosis C. Congenital scoliosis Neuromuscular scoliosis
Short C shape, associated with hemivertebrae, block vertebrae and fusion of ribs. A. Neuromuscular scoliosis B. Idiopathic scoliosis C. Congenital scoliosis Congenital Scoliosis
0-9degrees - ________ 10-19degrees - _____ 20-29degrees - ________ 30-39degrees - _______ 0-9 convexity (NOT scoliosis!) 10-19 mild scoliosis 20-29 moderate scoliosis 30-39 marked/severe scoliosis
Created by: T1NWHSU
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