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Ind. Revolution

Study Cards for Industrial Revolution & Immigration Unit

Refinery purifies the oil in the oil making process
Bessemer Steel Process new invention to make steel. Cut down on costs & increased production.
Andrew Carnegie Scottish immigrant who started Carnegie Steel & bought out competitors
John Rockefeller Started Standard Oil & was successful at combining & consolidating businesses & eliminating competitors
Robber Barron a business leader who became wealthy through dishonest methods
Corporation a business owned by investors who buy a part of a company through shares of stock
Monopoly a company that wipes out its competitors and controls and industry
Trust a combination of corporations for the purpose of reducing competition and controlling prices in an industry
Philanthropist Person who gives away large sums of money to charities or the community
Urbanization the growth of cities due to the increasing numbers of factories & jobs
Laissez Faire Theory that stated that if government left businesses alone and unregulated, they would benefit the nation financially.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act outlawed trusts that restrained trade. Was difficult to enforce because it was not clearly written.
Push Factors Conditions that drive people to leave their country (bad things)
Pull Factors Conditions that attract people to a new country (good things)
Pogrom Organized massacre of Jews (took place in Russia at this time)
Assimilate blending into another culture
Old Immigration immigrants in the early 1800s from Northern & Western Europe. Easily assimilated because of similar language, religion and race to Americans.
New Immigration Arrived in late 1800s early 1900s from Southern & Eastern Europe & Asia. Difficulty assimilating due to a variety of languages, religions and ethnic backgrounds.
American Protective Association Group that campaigned to ban immigration if a person was illiterate in their own native language.
Breaker Boys Boys that worked in coal mines for low pay and under dangerous conditions
Lewis Hine Photographed and documented child labor in early 1900s
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire March 25, 1911. Fire that killed 125 young women in factory with unsafe conditions & no safety features.
Samuel Gompers Founded the American Federation of Labor
Scabs Hired to replace striking workers
American Federation of Labor Union for workers that fought for better wages & conditions. Did not allow women or minorities.
Knights of Labor Union for workers that allowed women, Minorities & unskilled workers. Will eventually fail due to many failed and violent strikes.
Railroad Strike of 1877 violent railroad strike when wages were cut. State militia brought in to end strike.
Bombing at Haymarket Square 5 anarchists charged with throwing bomb into crowd at an 8 hour workday.
Homestead Strike violent strike at Carnegie steel mill when he cut wages & raised their rent
Pinkertons State militia in Pennsylvania that broke up the Homestead Strike
Blacklists list of names passed around by employers warning them not to hire workers that had previously caused a strike
Injunctions Court order that bans communication between workers & the union.
Collective Bargaining When the union workers & employers negotiate and agree upon wages, hours & conditions.
Ragtime mix of African-American & European music
William Randolph Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer Leading publishers of newspapers & magazines
Created by: chetjenn



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