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us History Test 2

Civil war and reconstruction

TermDefinition
Grandfather Clause constitutional device enacted by 7 southern states between 1895 & 1910 to deny suffrage to American blacks. It worked effectively to exclude blacks from the vote.It waived electoral literacy requirements for lineal descendants of people voting before 1867
Southern War Strategies The state controlled the armies. they planned to "hold on" and wait for an ally (England & France)
Northern War Strategies The Anaconda Policy: Part 1; Blockade the Southern parts so no trade could be conducted (economically ruining the south) Part 2; Dividing the south by military action in 2 places Part 3; take Richmond
South Characteristics had a cause to fight. Knew the terrain. Defending their own home. Soldier's need little training. Military considered "a man's responsibility". & Superior military leaders
North Characteristics Had more cities, raw materials, factories, money, ships, foodstuffs, roads, railroads, people & had superior government officials
Poll Tax Was used in the south during and after Reconstruction to find a way around the 14th amendment and deny civil rights to blacks.
Literacy tests used to deny suffrage to African-Americans
Sharecropping black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop, to be given to the land owner at the end of each year. It tied Blacks to the land.
Grandfather Clause constitutional device enacted by 7 southern states between 1895 & 1910 to deny suffrage to American blacks. It worked effectively to exclude blacks from the vote.It waived electoral literacy requirements for lineal descendants of people voting before 1867
Southern War Strategies The state controlled the armies. they planned to "hold on" and wait for an ally (England & France)
Northern War Strategies The Anaconda Policy: Part 1; Blockade the Southern parts so no trade could be conducted (economically ruining the south) Part 2; Dividing the south by military action in 2 places Part 3; take Richmond
South Characteristics Agricultural based economy. Opposed Tariffs. & Depended on Slavery
North Characteristics Balanced economy with Agriculture and Industry. Opposed Slavery. & High protective Tariffs
Poll Tax Was used in the south during and after Reconstruction to find a way around the 14th amendment and deny civil rights to blacks.
Literacy tests used to deny suffrage to African-Americans
Sharecropping black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop, to be given to the land owner at the end of each year. It tied Blacks to the land.
Solid south The states of the Southern United States that traditionally supported the Democratic party after the Civil War.
Anaconda Policy Part 1:Blockade the southern parts so no trade could be conducted(economically ruining the south) Part 2:Divide the south, by military action, in 2 places(1.Take control of mississippi river 2.marching through Atlanta to the sea Part 3:Take Richmond
Richmond the confederate capital and a major industrial center. A PART OF THE ANACONDA POLICY
Total War Destroying everything in their path
Jim Crow Laws "Separate but equal" status for African-Americans
Uncle Tom's Cabin An anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It helped lay ground work for the Civil War.
Black Codes A series of restrictive laws that were designed to restrict freed blacks activity & ensure their availability as a labor force since slavery had been abolished.
Emancipation Proclamation to free slaves in states of Rebellion. Made the war about slavery which stopped Britain and France from helping the south
Secession South Carolina is the first to secede from the union in November of 1860. James Boocanon was president when this happened. Civil War began to preserve the Union.
Popular Sovereigny The source of governmental power lies with the people. (Slavery)
Border States slave states that had not declared secession from the united states. Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. West Virginia broke away from confederate Virginia and became a new state in the union.
Sherman's march to the sea General Sherman uses Total War. Burned Atlanta to the ground. Destroyed the south physically and mentally making them beg for mercy
Battle of Vicksburg Key military point on the eastern side of the Mississippi River. The Northern Victory split the confederacy into two and freed Grant's army for action in other theaters
Appomatox General Lee Surrenders
Battle of Fort Sumter the opening engagement of the Civil War when South Carolina demanded the surrender of the Union garrison of Fort Sumter
Battle Of Antietam Planned battle in the eastern theater that was tied against General Lee and General McClellan. Was a political turning point in the war.
Battle of Gettysburg Military turning point in the war. 1st real win for the union. Was the deadliest battle that killed 50,000 people and 30,000 horses. It was not planned.
Election of 1876 Rutherford Hayes a republican won the vote to be president and the Southern democrats threatened rebellion forcing a deal to make them less angry. The deal is often referred to as the compromise of 1877
Election of 1860 Lincoln won the vote for president and a few weeks after the election South Carolina seceded from the Union.
Dred Scott Decision made entire country a slave territory and overturned the 36 30 line. Slaves are property; 5th amendment
13th amendment Abolish Slavery
14th amendment Gave blacks equal rights
15th Amendment gave blacks the right to vote
Plessy v. Ferguson Case Sat in "white car" when should have sat in "colored car". Decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws required racial segregation in public facilities
Abolisionist Goal was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.
Confederate states A government set up by 6 of the 7 southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.
Ford's theater The place where President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
The compromise of 1877 unwritten deal that settles the 1876 presidential election. It pulled federal troops out of stat politics in the South and ended the Reconstruction Era.
the compromise of 1820 Also known as the Missouri Compromise. Prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36 30' latitude line.
1861-1865 The civil war
Harper's Ferry Raid John Brown grabbed a bunch of guys and stole a bunch of guns inciting a slave revolt. He did not get out with any guns. He caused treason which is punishable by death and became a martyr.
Reconstruction Act of 1867 Laid out the process for readmitting southern states into the union
Lincoln Assassination 5 days after lee surrenders Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. The south lose the only friend it had.
Gettysburg Address A Dedication speech given by President Lincoln after the battle of Gettysburg
Bleeding Kansas Period of violence during the settling of the Kansas territory
Jefferson Davis The first and only President of the Confederate States of America
General Ulysses S. Grant Sought to win control of the Mississippi River. Won the Battle of Vicksburg
V.P. Johnson Was supposed to be killed when Lincoln was
John Brown Led the Harper's Ferry Raid and died for his cause
Scalawags Southern Whites who supported reconstruction
Carpetbaggers Northerners who moved to the south during the reconstruction era
Eli Whitney Created the Cotton gin that called for more slaves
Kansas-Nebraska Act Created Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement
Compromise of 1850 Package of 5 bills passed in the U.S. that defused a 4-year confrontation between the slave states of south and free states of North regarding status of territories
Created by: CarleyyFriess