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12 GOV Vocab 6,8, 9

Ponder GOV Vocab CH 6, 8, & 9

TermDefinition
suffrage The right to vote.
franchise The right to vote.
electorate the potential voting population
transient persons living in the State for only a short time, without legal residence there
registration A procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting.
purge The process of reviewing lists of registered voters and removing the names of those no longer eligible to vote; a purification.
poll books List of all registered voters in each precinct.
literacy A person’s ability to read or write.
poll tax A special tax, demanded by States, as a condition of voting.
gerrymandering The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
injunction A court order that forces or limits the performance of some act by a private individual or by a public official.
preclearance Mandated by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the prior approval by the Justice Department of changes to or new election laws by certain States.
off-year election Congressional election that occurs between presidential election years.
political efficacy One’s own influence or effectiveness on politics. political socialization
gender gap Measurable differences between the partisan
public opinion The complex collection of the opinions of many different people; the sum of all their views.
mass media Those means of communication that reach large audiences, especially television, radio, printed publications, and the Internet.
peer group People with whom one regularly associates, including friends, classmates, neighbors, and co-workers.
opinion leader Any person who, for any reason, has an unusually strong influence on the views of others.
mandate The instructions or commands a constituency gives to its elected official
interest group Private organizations whose members share certain views and work to shape public policy.
public opinion poll Devices that attempt to collect information by asking people questions.
straw vote Polls that seek to read the public’s mind simply by asking the same question of a large number of people.
sample A representative slice of the public.
random sample A certain number of randomly selected people who live in a certain number of randomly selected place
quota sample A sample deliberately constructed to reflect several of the major characteristics of a given population.
medium A means of communication; something which transmits information.
public agenda The public issues on which the people’s attention is focused.
lobbying Activities by which group pressures are brought to bear on legislators, the legislative process, and all aspects of the public-policy-making process.
grass roots Of or from the people, the average voters.
public-interest groups An interest group that seeks to institute certain public policies of benefit to all or most people in this country, whether or not they belong to or support that organization.
trade association Interest groups within the business community.
political socialization The process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions.
party identification Loyalty of people to a political party.
straight-ticket voting The practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election.
independents A term used to describe people who have no party affiliation.
public affairs Those events and issues that concern the people at large, e.g., politics, public issues, and the making of public policies.
sound bite Short, sharply focused reports that can be aired in 30 or 45 seconds.
propaganda A technique of persuasion aimed at influencing individual or group behaviors to create a particular belief, regardless of its validity.
Created by: breckart2