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The New World

Exploration of North American and North Carolina

The slash-and-burn method was useful for clearing land for farming.
Took control of Jamestown and forced settlers to work hard. John Smith
The first permanent settlement in North America. Jamestown
products grown and sold for profit, such as tobacco, rice, and indigo cash crops
people who received a free trip to America in exchange for working without pay for a number of years indentured servants
Why did European colonists need a new labor force in the Americas? European diseases had wiped out a large percentage of the Native American population.
What was the voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas called? The Middle Passage
Sir Walter Raleigh founded the colony of Virginia after receiving a ________, or a grant to set up a colony, from the queen of England. charter
Which of the following countries did NOT establish an empire in North America between 1492 and 1700? France, England, Spain, or Russia Russia
Plants, animals, and even diseases were part of the Columbian Exchange. True or False True
As a result of the Columbian Exchange, a) most native americans converted to Christianity. b) Spainish explorers discovered a northwest passage. c) enslaved Africans were no longer needed as laborers. d) many new crops came to the Americas. Answer D.
Missionaries wanted to... convert Native Americans to Christianity.
How did Europeans benefit from the Columbian Exchange? Europeans gained new crops, such as potatoes and corn. These highly nutritious foods helped feed European populations that might otherwise go hungry.
Which of the following is a reason Europeans explored overseas? a) to find gold and adventure b) to locate the Aztec Empire c) to interact with Native Americans d) to learn about new crops Answer : A
The purpose of the first expeditions from Europe to the Americas was to a) establish Spainish settlements b) enslave Native Americans c) spread Christianity d) find a route to Asia Answer : D
How did the Columbian Exchange impact trade with Africa? Diseases brought by Europeans killed millions of Native Americas. Enslaved Africans began to replace Native Americans as laborers in the Americas. This began the Triangular Trade.
Which of the following is an example of a charter? a) a document granting Walter Raleigh permission to establish a colony b) a document appointing Amadas and Barlowe as sea captains c) an agreement between England and Spain to settle a dispute. Answer: A
What was a main reason the Ralph Lane colonist had problems obtaining food? Arrived to late to plant crops.
Why did Sir Walter Raleigh want to establish a colony in Chesapeake Bay? It was more approachable by the sea than Roanoke Island.
Why was John White unable to return to his colony for three years? England and Spain were fighting.
The first child of English parents to be born in North America was ____________. Virginia Dare
Why did John White leave the Roanoke colony to return to England? to get food and supplies
What did Queen Elizbeth hope to achieve in North America? 1) wealth 2) Challenge Spain's wealth 3) provide bases to attach Spanish ships.
How did the Native Americans help the colonist? Offered food and shelter. They helped the colonist learn about crops and farming methods. Friendly natives warned the colonists of attacks and danger.
exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services barter system
people who move place to place nomad
a group of people united by actual or perceived kinship and descent clan
A society that depends on agriculture as its primary means for support and sustenance. Agrarian Society
A skilled worker who makes things by hand. artisan
A crop that is grown to be sold for profit. Example: tobacco cash crop
When a culture spreads to another place, when people give or take ideas that affect culture Cultural diffusion
a settlement far from their native land and are still under their native ruler. colony
What factors led to and fueled the Triangular Trade? Lack of labor for plantations and Mercantilism in Europe.
What are the three stages of the Triangular Trade? 1) Europe to Africa : guns, cloth, spirits, tobacco 2) Africa to Americas : The Middle Passage 3) Americas to Europe : products from the slave labor such as cotton, sugar, and tobacco.
What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? Law required Indians to give up land and move out west. "Trail of Tears".
Modeled after the English Parliament House of Burgesses.
How did the physical characteristics of the Outer Banks of North Carolina affect its early colonial development? They prevented the development of large port cities.
Which explains the increase in the African-American population from 1625 to 1775? a) war b) jobs c) migration d) slavery Answer : D
Which statement explains the dominance of slavery in the coastal region of colonial North Carolina? Slave ships arrived at the ports of Wilmington, Edenton, and Bath.
What is the difference between an apprentice and a indentured servant? Both are bonded workers. The apprentice was usually placed with a skilled worker to learn a craft. The indentured servant had no guarantee of learning a craft and was required to work without pay for a specified number of years for passage to a colony.
What is a militia? a force of volunteer soldiers (farmers)
Created by: pmorgan8
Popular U.S. History sets




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