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History Vocab Test

September 25 Vocab Test #1

TermDefinition
Magna Carta Cornerstone of English justice and law; signed by King John (of England); declared that king and government were bound by the same law as the other citizens of England
Unalienable Rights Fundamental rights, or natural rights, guaranteed to people naturally instead of by law. Used as foundation of Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights
Republic A state in which supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
Baron De Montesquieu He first outlined the concept of separating the powers of government between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Representative Government Power is held by people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by those people.
Democracy Is a system of government where the political authority resides with the people.
1776 -A very important date for the United States -Continental Congress met -July 4th we declared independence from Great Britain with the passage of the Declaration of Independence -Revolutionary War begins
1607 -The Virginia Company of London establishes the first permanent English colony in North America in Jamestown.
Samuel Adams Cousin of John Adams; based in Boston; He was one of the early founding fathers; leader of the Sons of Liberty.
Mayflower Compact Drafted in 1620 by the pilgrims at Plymouth Rock; Declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and to do what was best for the colony.
Ulysses S. Grant General during the Civil War, fought for the North, became commander of the whole Union Army. He successfully guided the North to victory over the South.
Mercantilism An economic theory which states that a nations wealth is based on the amount of gold and silver bullion in its treasury.
Virginia House of Burgesses Created in 1619, was an assembly of elected representatives from the Virginia colony. First form of representative government in the English colonies.
Absolute Chronology To organize events in order from oldest to most recent (day, month, year)
Relative Chronology Depends on less specific dates and more on relationship of events (ex: a story, you have a beginning, middle, and end)
Articles of Confederation Our first constitution adopted 1781, during the American Revolution; created weak national government and strong state government.
Daniel Webster -Famous senator from Massachusetts -Very good speaker, he helped keep the country together during the years.
Bessemer Steel Process Removes the impurities from iron to make steel. Steel was very important to the Industrial Revolution. It was hard to make until this method. Became a very large business.
U.S. Constitution Established the government of this country; has 7 articles and 27 amendments; sets up basic functions of the government, and establishes the rights of all citizens.
Civic Virtue Relates to the involvement in a community; citizens of a town, state, or nation have an obligation to be active, peaceful, loyal, and supportive of the community.
Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Guaranteed basic rights and freedoms that every citizen has. Government cannot take these rights away.
Created by: eabowman