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World War I Vocab

Am History

TermDefinition
Alliances When countries formed partnerships to help one another
Stalemate When two opposing sides can't win, they are stuck in a tie
Militarism Building up a country's military
Trench warfare Using a continuous front for protection from the enemy where men experienced illness, lice, trench foot and death
Alsace- Lorraine French region that was lost to Germany that both countries wanted
Francis Ferdinand Future leader of Austria-Hungary that was killed by a Serbian group
Contraband Weapons and other war supplies
U-Boat German submarine
Louisitania Passenger ship that was carrying American passengers that German U-Boats sunk
Zimmerman Note Requested that Mexico declare war on U.S. and become an alliance to Germany
Fourteen Points President Wilson's plan for peaceful relations allowing freedom of the seas, the right for people to choose their own government, and creation of the League of Nations
Espionage Act Allowed postal workers to go through mail to get rid of any mail that said anything negative about the war or the government, went against the freedom of speech
Sedition Act Fined or imprisoned Americans if they said anything negative or disloyal about the government or the war, went against freedom of speech
German - Americans Group of people that faced discrimination in the U.S. due to WWI
Neutral Staying out of a fight, not taking sides
African Americans Group of people that were able to gain better jobs due to white men leaving to fight in the war
Women Group of people that gained rights by being able to work once men left for service.
Isolationist Someone that wanted the U.S. to stay out of the war and foreign affairs
Interventionist Someone that wanted the U.S. to get involved in the war and foreign affairs
Internationalist Someone that wanted the U.S. to stay out of the war, but still be involved in world affairs to try to keep the peace
Nationalism Showing pride in your country
Imperialism One country trying to take over other countries to become more powerful
Schlieffen Plan Germany's plan for WWI
Reparations Payment for war damages
Conscientious Objector A person that refuses to fight in a war based on their religious beliefs
Propaganda The spreading of ideas to make people believe a certain way, often through posters and pamphlets
Self Determination The right for people to choose their own form of government
Selective Service Act A law that was passed that allowed the government to create a draft that would increase the number of men available to serve in the military during a war
Great Migration When African Americans moved North to get better paying jobs
League of Nations A world organization that was created to promote peaceful cooperation between countries, it didn't really have the power to stop wars though
Convoy A group of ships that traveled together for protection against German U-Boats
Germany Blamed for WWI, had to pay money back to the Allies which left them poor and with little food
United States Entered the war in 1917, although they had been aiding the Allies with money and weapons prior to this date
Russia Dropped out of the war when a new communist leader took over
Italy Switched from the Central Powers side to the Allies side during the war
War Industries Board Regulated what factories were producing in the U.S., told them what they could make, where items were sent and how much they would cost to help the war effort
Spark of WWI Killing of Francis Ferdinand
Arthur Zimmerman German that wrote the Zimmerman Note
Article 10 The US senators did not agree with the wording of this part of the Treaty of Versailles, they were scared it would draw us into another war
Treaty of Versaille Made Germany pay reparations, the U.S. did not sign this treaty because of Article 10
Continuous Front A line of trenches that went on and on
Created by: Ensmingern