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4 history 2013

The Years of Discovery

TermDefinition
continent a large mass of land
oceans the largest bodies of water
history the story of what has happened in the life of a country or people
geography the study of the surface of the earth
Old World name given to Europe after America was discovered
New World name given to America
Christopher Columbus Italian sailor who discovered America in 1492
Marco Polo Italian merchant who visited China and described its riches to Europe
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria the three ships used on Columbus's first voyage
Ferdinand and Isabella king and queen of Spain who finances Columbus's voyages
Indians name Columbus gave to the people of the New World because he thought he was in India
Vikings sea-going Scandinavian people
Leif Ericson Viking who was the first European to visit America
John Cabot explorer who claimed North America for England in 1497
Amerigo Vespucci explorer who was the first to call America a New World
Vasco de Gama Portuguese explorer who was the first to sail around the tip of Africa
Ponce de Leon first European to explore the land that is now the United States; explored and named Florida
San Salvador island in the West Indies where Columbus first landed
Vinland Vikings' name for America
1000 Vikings visit North America
1492 Columbus, seeking a route to Asia, discovers America
1497 Cabot claims North America for England; da Gama sails around the tip of Africa