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History Unit 1 terms

Terms and Definitions

Favorable Balance of Trade More export than import.
Salutary Neglect Not enforcing laws.
Utopia An imaginary place in which the government, laws, and social conditions are perfect.
French and Indian war The French and Indians never fought, they worked together against the English.
Mestizo A person whose a mix of a Spainerd and American Indian.
Plymouth Town in Massachusetts founded by pilgrims in 1620.
Middle Passage Sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
Sugar Act A law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 allowed sugar imported by the colonies.
Plantation Land where crops are grown.
Ponce de Leon Spanish explorer who accompanied Columbus; in search of the fountain of youth but instead found Florida.
Prince Henry Third in line for the throne of the U.K. Important role for navigation.
Tituba Admitted being a witch. Told tales about magic and power. Accused people for her religion.
Brown Gold Tobacco. (used to save colonies)
Pilgrim Journey to a sacred place for religion.
Nuclear vs. Extended Nuclear family is just standard, mom/dad/kids. Extended family is parents/kids/grandparents/cousins etc.
Proclamation of 1763 Stabilize relations with the Natives through trade, settlement, and land on the west.
Maize British term for corn.
Cortez Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico.
Quakers Christian movement belief of inner light by God.
Puritan Group of English Protestants with strict religion.
Indentured Servant Temporary slave, laborer or tradesmen,typically serves for 3-7 years.
Columbian Exchange Widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after 1492.
Pequot War Puritans become Christian.
Navigation Acts Restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies.
Protestant Member of Western Christian churches.
Taino Noble one.
John Smith English explorer who helped find Jamestown. Pocahontas saved his life from the tribes killing him. Helped Hungary fight the Turks.
Separatist Separate Catholic/English church.
Headright System Gave each head of household the right to fifty acres of land for himself and fifty additional acres for each adult family member of servant that he brought to America.
Isabella and Ferdinand King/Queen of Spain who helped support Christopher Columbus.
Jamestown The first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
Monotheism vs. Polytheistic Mono: Believes in one god. Poly: Believes in many gods.
Conquisadores Spanish conquerors in the 16th century.
Christopher Columbus Sailed August 3rd, 1492. Explorer and traveler to find the New World.
Hierarchy A person having authority.
3 "G's" God, Gold, and Glory.
Created by: JennySzabo