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Ch 8-9 8th Gde SS

Chapt 8-9 Creating America 8th Gde Social Studies

QuestionAnswer
People who opposed the ratification of the Constitution and supported strong state government. Federalist
Supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government. Antifederalist
Document adopted by the Continental Congress in 1778 to be the outline of government in the United States until 1787. This document was later replaced by the current constitution. Articles of Confederation
An agreement that ended dispute over American shipping during the French Revolution and agreement by the British to leave the Ohio River Valley Jay’s Treaty
Law that established a plan for surveying and selling the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. Land Ordinance of 1785
Uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787 that was later put down by the American government. Shay’s Rebellion
Tax on goods, usually imports. Tariff
A compromise to count 3/5 of the slave population in each state towards representation. Three-Fifths Compromise
Treaty following the Native American defeat at Fallen Timber, forced Native Americans to surrender present day Ohio and Indiana to the United States. Treaty of Greenville
Plan proposed by Edmund Randolph which proposed a government with three branches and two houses, with both houses being based on population. Virginia Plan
What was one of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? The federal government had little power to collect taxes and enforce laws
How did Shays’ Rebellion change people’s view of the Articles of Confederation? Shays’ Rebellion made people realize that the Articles of Confederation need to be revised
A rebellion against the government’s tax on whiskey where protestors attacked tax collectors and organized an armed rebellion against the United States. Whiskey rebellion
Frontier land that would form modern day Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota. Northwest Territory
Treaty with Spain that allowed Americans to use the Mississippi River and store goods in New Orleans; made the 31st Parallel the southern US border. Pinckney’s treaty
Which colony did NOT send delegates to the Constitutional Convention? Rhode Island
A plan of government that called for one house of legislation in which each state would receive one vote. New Jersey Plan
What was the Constitutional Convention supposed to do? Revise the Articles of Confederation
Who is given the credit for creating the Bill of Rights? James Madison
Who was Washington’s Secretary of State, and what were his responsibilities? Jeffersonoversaw foreign relations
Who was Washington’s Secretary of War, and what were his responsibilities? Knox managed defenses
Who was Washington’s Attorney General, and what were his responsibilities? Randolph advised on legal affairs
Who was Washington’s Secretary of the Treasury, and what were his responsibilities? Hamilton managed the nation’s money
What were the 3 parts of Hamilton’s financial plan? Pay off all war debt, Raise government revenues,Create a national Bank
What did the Federal government do in order to appease Southern states and implement Hamilton’s financial plan? They agreed to move the U.S. Capitol to the South
Why did some colonies demand a Bill of Rights? They wanted reassurance that the federal government would honor and respect the citizens rights and freedoms.
What would the Bill of Rights do? It would prevent tyranny by protecting the citizens from the power of a national government. It would protect citizens rights and freedoms under a national law.
Created by: judi829