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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Backcountry A colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains through the far western part of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.
subsistence farming Producing just enough food for themselves and sometimes a little extra to trade in town.
triangular trade The transatlantic system of trade in which goos, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies and the colonies in North America.
Navigation Acts A series of laws passed by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to ensure that England made money from its colonies' trade.
smuggling To illegally import or export good.
cash crop A crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money, rather than for personal use.
gristmill A mill in which grain is ground to produce flour or meal.
diversity A variety of people.
artisan A skilled worker, such as a weaver or potter, who makes goods by hand; a craftsperson.
Conestoga wagon Built by the Germans, these wagons were made to carry produce to town.
indigo A plant grown in the Southern colonies that that yields a deep blue dye.
Eliza Lucas Introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop after her father sent her to South Carolina plantations when she was 17.
William Bryd II One of the best known Southern planters and after his father died, he took over his responsibility and the membership in the House of Burgesses.
overseer A worker hired by a planter to watch over and direct the work of slaves.
Stono Rebellion Uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws.
Appalachian Mountains Mountains that stretch from eastern Canada south to Alabama
fall line Where waterfalls prevent large boats from moving farther upriver.
piedmont Means "foot of the mountains".A broad plateau that leads to the foot of a mountain range.
clan A large group of families that claima common ancestor.
Created by: Vanessa681