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Ap Us History Study

English Arrival in America

TermDefinition
Richard Hakluyt known for promoting the settlement of North America by the English through his works; English writer
English Reformation a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope/ Roman Catholic Church
Calvinism a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin
Church of England he officially established Christian church[2][3][4][5] in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion; Catholic and Reformed
Separatists a seperation from a larger group such as the people branching off from the Church of England
Mercantilism favours for powerful interests were often defended with mercantilist reasoning, searching for power overseas in the colonies such as the Europeans did
Sir Francis Drake; Sir Walter Raleigh Drake was the first to sail around the world in three years and gained gold from the Spanish Armada; Raleigh had introduced tobacco a cash crop in the colonies and the potato and discovered Roanoke which was a failure leading to his execution in 1618
Elizabeth I; James I Elizabeth I named after Virginia being known as the Virgin queen never marrying, secured the Church of England in her 45-year regin as queen; issue a colonizing expedition that would aim straight towards Virginia; he'd support the discovery of Jamestown
Spanish Armada the Spanish fleet that sailed against England under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia in 1588, with the intention of overthrowing Elizabeth I of England and putting an end to her involvement in the Spanish Netherlands
Roanoke a late-16th-century attempt by Queen Elizabeth I to establish a permanent English settlement
Enclosure Movement 18th century movement among wealthy British, Using new farming technology and systems of crop rotation, they forced the agrarian poor off the old "village commons" that now became "enclosed" as private property
Merchant Capitalist a significant economic force in the 16th century
London Company english joint stock company created by James I with the purpose of creating colonies
starving time a period in Jamestown where people were starving to death which eventually led to cannibalism in the settlement; the whole colony almost depleted
House of Burgesses consisted of the first legislative assembly of elected representatives in what would soon North America
Head right system a last hope in attracting settlers to the colony such as granting 50 acres of land
Sugar culitivation
Roger Williams english protestant who'd discover the first baptist church in america, and would support the Indians treating them fairly; found Rhode Island
"the elect" the theory between heaven and hell; and if you could prove proof you'd be 'elected' to go to the lord or heaven
Powhatan Indians these were the indians from the Jamestown settlement resisting the English; held the infamous Pocahontas
Pocahontas prevented john smith from being executed in 1607; would become captured in 1613 by english where she would soon convert to christianity and marry John Rolfe
Anne Hutchinson Puritan, first woman to speak out against ministers saying they were not a part of the elect"
Quakers society of friends; found in mid 17th century england; quakers rejected sin and men along with women could become preachers; there were also no church governments
Navigation acts to prevent foreign trade between and england the the colonies; keep Dutch ships out of the colonies
Dominion of New England A colony that in which failed due to how people weren’t allowed to practice there own traditional rights; James II would be overrun fleeing to france, Edmund Andros would govern New York < Glorious revolution
Indentured Servitude young men and women of all races would serve a 4 year term as a slave in return for clothing tools and usually land; although most were given nothing
Hudson River founded by henry hudson when sailing through new york
Bacons rebellion nathaniel bacon; had a seat in the governors council and was wealthy; governor berkley would exclude him from the Indian Fur trade along with the native attacks; would take action after a white servant had been killed
john Winthrop would be the key factor in finding massachusetts bay company along with promoting puritanism, mbc first major settlement after plymouth colony
Thomas Hooker a puritan who founded the colony of Connecticut
The great awakening the idea if people getting in second chance in life; having to do with the beliefs in God
Congretionalism determined politics and social organization of communities; ouritanism was dominant; john cotton would be a part of congregationalism
Created by: Shoeffner