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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
Backcountry a colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains through the far western part of the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies
subsistence farming a farm that produces enough food for the family with a small additional amount for trade
triangular trade the transatlantic system of trade in which goods, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in North America
Navigation Acts a series of laws passed by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to endure that England made money from its colonies' trade
smuggling to illegally import or export goods
cash crop a crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money rather than for personal care
gristmill a mill in which grain is ground to produce flour or meal
diversity a variety of people
artisan a skilled worker, such as a weaver or a potter, who makes goods by hand; a craftsperson
Conestoga wagon a vehicle with wide wheels, a curved bed, and a canvas cover used by American pioneers traveling west
indigo a plant grown in the Southern colonies that yields a deep blue dye
Eliza Lucas a young women who introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop
William Byrd 2nd one of the best known Southern planters
overseer a worker hired by a planter to watch over and direct the work of slaves
Stono Rebellion a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
Appalachian Mountains a mountain range that stretches from eastern Canada south to Alabama
fall line a point at which a waterfall prevents large boats from moving farther upriver
piedmont a broad plateau that leads to the foot of a mountain range
clan a large group of families that claim a common ancestor
Created by: s0205202