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HCA 8th Unit 1 West

Vocabulary from Unit 1

TermDefinition
Great Plains area/region of the United States from the Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains
Homestead Act 1862; provided 160 acres of free frontier land to settlers who would build a home and farm the land for 5 years.
Transcontinental Railroad railroad that spanned the United States; begun in 1863; completed in 1869
barbed wire wire fencing with short, sharp wires wrapped around in intervals; helped farmers protect crops on the Great Plains
steel plow invention that helped farmers till the tough prairie soil & dig deep enough for dry farming
dry farming the process of planting seeds deeper in the soil where they will get more water.
sod houses homes built of chunks of hard, tough grass roots/soil cut from the prairie
assimilation the act of adapting to a new culture (language, clothing, traditions, lifestyle etc.)
reservation land set aside by the U.S. government for Native American tribes
frontier parts of the West that were unsettled by white settlers; home of Native Americans
Sand Creek Massacre 1864; Colorado militia attack and kill 200 peaceful Cheyenne
Battle of Little Bighorn 1876; Sioux & Cheyenne (led by Crazy Horse & Sitting Bull) killed an entire force of US Army led by Colonel George Custer
Dawes Act 1887; distributed reservation land to individual Native Americans in an attempt to help them become farmers
Wounded Knee Massacre 1890; US soldiers killed 300 unarmed Sioux in South Dakota
hub the center of a wheel; also describes the place where many routes converge (railroad hub, airline hub, etc.)
Created by: ktharp