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10th US History

Chap. 5 Test Questions

1. What attacks did New Englanders fear the most? Indian and French attacks?
2. What area of land along the Mississippi River did the French claim? Louisiana
3. What geographic feature was at the heart of the Louisiana Territory? The Mississippi River
4. What three factors increased the danger of the French threat to the thirteen colonies? 1. The French had a strong Indian alliance that greatly expanded their military capabilities. 2. The nature of the frontier. 3. They lived in constant fear of attacks by both the Indians and the French.
5. What was the reason the Iroquois allied with the British? The French were aligned with the Algonquins.
6. What regions did the British gain territory in by the Treaty of Utrecht? They gained eastern Canada, the West Indies, and Gibraltar.
7. What two expeditions provided the basis for French claims to the New World? 1. The first was launched from Green Bay by Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette. 2. The second was Robert de LaSalle exploring the Mississippi River.
8. Did the frontier fighting between the French and the British follow a strict European code of honor? No
9. Was the British army valuable to the colonists regarding Pontiac? Yes
10. What was the name of the important fort built by the French at the Forks of the Ohio River? Fort Duquesne
11. What was the name of the Congress that unsuccessfully tried to unite the colonies during the French and Indian War? Albany Congress
12. What "war" brought an end to French power in the New World? The French and Indian War
13. What event sparked the French and Indian War? When Washington tried to move the French out of the Pittsburgh area.
14. What advantage did the French have over the British during the French and Indian War? They had the Indians on their side and they fought by hiding in brush and trees and attacking the British.
15. What was Britain's disadvantage during the war? The lack of unity in the colonies.
16. Franklin's Albany Plan failed. Why? Because the colonists feared that it would establish a government that was too strongly centralized.
17. Who were the Acadians? French Catholics living in British-held Nova Scotia.
18. Why was Braddock defeated so decisively at Fort Duquesne? Because the French and Indians hid in the bush and trees and shot at the British ranks.
19. What was William Pitt's (the British) three-part plan to win the French and Indian War? 1. He decided to let Prussia fight in Europe. 2. Britain used its navy to isolate the French in America and India. 3. He replaced old incompetent commanders with young energetic soldiers.
22. Who were the two greatest military commanders of the war? General James Wolfe and Marquis de Montcalm
23. List the major reasons that the colonies were taxed by the British after the French and Indian War? Britain wanted to gain greater control over the direction and profitability of the thirteen colonies.
24. What were the advantages and disadvantages of the British during the French and Indian War? Advantages: William Pitt adopted a plan to win the war and they won. Disadvantages: The French had Indians on their side. The British marched in ranks to fight & the French & Indians hid.
25. How did the colonists respond to the Townshend Acts? Col. Barre said, "We did not plant the colonies. Most of them fled from oppression. They met with great difficulty and hardship, but as they fled from tyranny here they could not dread danger there. They flourished not by our care but by our neglect."
26. Were John Dickinson and Patrick Henry against the British taxes or the British right to tax? The British right to tax.
27. What is the name of the incident when the British killed five unarmed Patriots in 1770? The Boston Massacre
28. What were the reasons that the nationalism grew in American colonies? The colonists were isolated from England, and fending for themselves. They were growing in self-reliance, ingenuity, and independence. The colonies dealt with threats from Indians, Pirates, French, and Spanish on their own.
Created by: LiseBrinkley