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US History Ch9

Vocab Ch9

TermDefinition
imperialism the policy by which strong nations extended their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories.
extractive economy colonies to provide tea, rubber, iron, petroleum, and other materials for their industries at home
Social Darwinism the belief that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the fittest survive
Yellow Press they featured a popular comic-strip character called The Yellow Kid
jingoism aggressive nationalism
Rough Riders rugged westerners and upper-class easterners who relished what Roosevelt called the "strenuous life"
Treaty of Paris Ended Spanish-American War. Spain gave up control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Pacific Island of Guam.
insurrection rebellion
guierrilla warfare form of non-traditional warfare generally involving small bands of fighters to attack behind american lines
spheres of influence within each zone, each power had privileged access to Chinese ports and markets
Boxer Rebellion An initial force of 2100 soldiers grew to more than 20000 including 2000 americans
Open Door Policy American Statement that the govenrment did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there
Russo-Japanese War War between Russia and Japan
"Gentlemen's Agreement" the school board pledged to end its segregation policy, japan had to limit emigration of its citizens to the US
Great White Fleet new force of navy ships
Foraker Act established a civil government in Puerto Rico
Platt Amendment restricted the rights of newly independent Cubans and effectively brought the island within the US sphere
"big stick" diplomacy idea of Roosevelt that depended on strong military to achieve American goals
Panama Canal canal that cut time between west coast and east coast of US
Roosevelt Corollary the US would assume the role of police power, restoring order and depriving other creditors of the excuse to intervene
"dollar diplomacy" aimed to increase American investments in business and banks throughout Central American and the Caribbean
"moral diplomacy" must prove equality and honor for latin america
Created by: Lugano