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Chapter 9

TermDefinition
imperialism policy by which strong nations extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories.
Extractive economy economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its economy.
Social Darwinism the belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them.
Yellow Press newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership.
Jingoism aggressive nationalism
Rough Riders group of men consisting of rugged westerners and upper class easterners who fought during the Spanish-American War.
Treaty of Paris an agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1898, which officially ended the Spanish-American War.
Insurrection rebellion
Guerrilla Warfare form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters.
Sphere of influence a region dominated and controlled by an outside power.
Boxer rebellion violence started by members of a secret society in China, which prompted the government of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion.
Open Door policy American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there.
Russo-Japanese War war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria.
"Gentlemen's Agreement" pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools.
Great White Fleet battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world.
Foraker Act law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico.
Platt Amendment set of conditions under which Cuba was granted Independence in 1902.
"big stick diplomacy" Roosevelt policy of creating and using, when necessary , a strong military to achieve America's goal.
Panama Canal human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama.
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelts reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers,
"dollar diplomacy" President Tafts policy of expanding American investments abroad.
"moral diplomacy" Woodrow Wilson statement that U.S. wont use force but instead work to promote human rights.
Created by: tooham10