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DC Government Test 1

Government Test 1 terms

TermDefinition
Social Conflict Disagreement among people in a society over what the society's priorities should be
Government Decides how conflict should be resolved
Authority Government has power and authority to enforce rules
Autocracy A system of government in which one person has absolute power
Constitutional Monarchy A form of government with a king or queen as the head ruler, with limited power (Great Britan)
Totalitarian Dictatorship Political authority exercises absolute control over all aspects of life
Representative Democracy/Republic Individuals in society elect people to act as their representative in the government
Aristocracy Government run by old, nobble families
Plutocracy Government is run only by the wealthy people
Theocracy Government is run based on religion (Iran) No seperation of church and state
Magna Carta Had the idea of limited government.
Social Contracts Developed by John Locke. People submit to the government in exchange for protection of their rights.
Natural Rights Life, liberty and the right to property
Growth trend for Hispanics 2010 - 16% 2030 - 23% 2050 - 30%
Liberal Ideologies - big government is necessary for common welfare - social and economic outcomes that exist in the absence of government are unfair
Moderates Prefer to be known as independents
Conservatism - values capitalism free from government - individual responsibility for economic circumstances
Socialism Tolerance for strong government (equalitarianism)
Libertarianism Oppose almost all government regulations
1960's and the Concervative Movement Republican Berry Goldwater
Constitution Judgement Conservative - meaning of the word; intent of the framers Liberal - majestic generalities; interperate
First English Settlements Mayflower Compact - 1960s
First written constitution Fundimental Orders of Connecticut
Coercive Acts Taxes put in place by the British government without colonial representation
"Common Sense" Written by Thomas Paine. Encouraged colonists to break ties with the crown
Effects of the Boston Tea Party - closed Boston Harbor - placed colonial government under British control
First Continental Congress September 5th, 1774 Sent list of grievances to the King Established an army in each colony Boycotted British goods
Second Continental Congress Delegated from each colonies gathered in Pennsylvania Assumed the power of central government
Breaking Tie with Britan Common Sense Declaration of Independence Colonies to staes Republicanism
Men that drafted the Declaration Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, Livingston and Sherman
The Articles of Confedertion Nations first national constitution Central government that was created was weak
Shay's Rebellion (1780s) Angry farmers attacked because of debt Proved a true national government was needed
Constitutional Convention Articles lacked strong central government Delegates were all rich men
"Father of the Constitution" James Madison
The Virginia Plan Favored large states; based on population
The New Jersey Plan Favored small states; each state has equal representation
The Great Compromise Lower house with number based on representatives Upper house - two people per state
Three-Fifths Compromise Slaves wouild count as 3/5 of a person Banned export tax 3/5 compromise
Slave Importation "allowed until 1808" - not really
Anti-Federalists Insisted on a Bill of Rights
Final Draft of Constitution September 17, 1787
Limited Government Government can only do what the people allow it to do
Popular Sovereignty People decide the powers of the government
Checks and Balances Each branch has some kind of power over the other
Bill of Rights FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS
Legislative Passes the laws
Executive Administers and enforces the laws
Judicial Interprets the laws
Federalism Central and Regional government
Unitary System National governments can delegates powers to subnational units
Confederal System National government operates at direction of subnational units
Advantages of Federalism Size, Experimentation, Subcultures
Police Powers Enact necessary laws to protect the health and welfare of the people
Implied Powers Article 1, section 8, clause 18
Full faith Judical proceedings in one states must be recognized by other states
Interstate Compacts Agreements made between states
Created by: alyssakielb