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Chapter 8 History

History Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Polis Greek word for a city state
Classical Marked by great achievements
Acropolis A high hill
Democracy A type of government in which people rule themselves
Aristocrats A group of rich landowners
Oligarchy A government in which only a few people have power
Citizens People who had the right to participate in government.
Tryant A leader who held power through the use of force
Democracy a type of government in which people rule themselves.
Aristocrats Rich land owners
Oligarchy A government in which only a few people have power
Citizens people who had the right to participate in government
Tyrant a leader who held power through the use of force
Mythology a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works.
Fable a short story that teaches a lesson about life or gives advice on how to live
Homer author of the Odessy and epis poems
Sappho Famous for her poems
Aesop Famous for his fables
Cyrus The Great Cyrus won independence for Persia and conquered the Medes.His victory marked the beginning of the Persian Empire.
Immortals Group of soldiers that were very strong and we thought to be impossible to conquer
Cavalry A cavalry is a unit of soldiers who ride horses.
Darius I Darius I claimed the throne and killed all his rivals for power he worked to restore order in Persia, Persian society and expanded the empire.
Satraps Some one that is like a governors
Xerxes Ten years after the Battle of Marathon, Darius’s son tried to conquer Greece again.
Alliance
Peloponnesian War
Created by: Grogg