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Ch. 9

Chapter 9

1. imperialism the policy by which strong nations extended their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories
2. extractive economies economy in a colony where the colonizing removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
3. Social Darwinism the belief that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the fittest survive
4. Yellow Press newspaper that used sensational headlines and exaggerated storied in order to promote readership
5. jingoism aggressive nationalism
6. Rough Riders group of men, consisting of rugged westerns and upper class easterners who fought during the Spanish-American War
7. Treaty of Paris an agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1898, which official ended the Spanish-Amercan War
8.insurrection rebellion against U.S. rule
9. guerrilla warfare a form of non-traditional warfare generally involving small bands of fighters to attack behind American lines
10. spheres of influence a region dominated and controlled by an outside power
11. Boxer Rebellion violence started by members of a secret society in China, which prompted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion
12. Open Door Policy American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there
13. Russo-Japanense War a war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria
14. "Gentleman's Agreement" pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States
15. Great White Fleet battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world
16. Foraker Act established a civil government in Puerto Rico
17. Platt Amendment set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of Cubans and granting to the U.S. the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba
18. "big stick" diplomacy broader policy for U.S. action in Latin America
19. Panama Canal human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama
20. Roosevelt Corollary President Theodore Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers
21. "dollar diplomacy" President Taft's policy of expanding American investments aboard
22. "moral diplomacy" Woodrow Wilson's statement that the U.S. would not use force to assert influences in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
Created by: K_Higgins01