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4th GR SS Chptr 1

4th Gr Social Studies Chapter 1 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
trade the buying and selling of goods
spring a place where underground water comes to the surface
aquifer an underground layer of spongy rock that holds water
waterway a body of water, such as a river, lake, or gulf
plain a large area of flat land with rolling hills and few trees
plateau a high, level stretch of land
escarpment a line of steep slopes or cliffs
geography the study of Earth’s land and how people use it
landform a feature of Earth’s surface, such as a mountain or basin
trade the buying and selling of goods
spring a place where underground water comes to the surface
aquifer an underground layer of spongy rock that holds water
waterway a body of water, such as a river, lake, or gulf
plain a large area of flat land with rolling hills and few trees
drought a long period without rain
plateau a high, level stretch of land
escarpment a line of steep slopes or cliffs
geography the study of Earth’s land and how people use it
recycle to use something more than once
landform a feature of Earth’s surface, such as a mountain or basin
environment the surroundings of living things
resource a material that helps people meet their needs
natural resource a resource that comes from the earth
tornado a fierce and swirling funnel of wind
renewable resource a natural resource that can be replaced after it is used
nonrenewable resource a natural resource that cannot be replaced
drought a long period without rain
precipitation wetness that falls to the ground, rain, hail, sleet, snow
conserve to save
natural vegetation vegetation that grows without people having to plant or care for it
pollution the adding of materials that harm the environment
vegetation plants and trees
recycle to use something more than once
hurricane a fierce storm with strong winds and heavy rains
weather a description of the air at a certain time and place
norther a strong mass of cold air
tornado a fierce and swirling funnel of wind
blizzard a storm with high winds, snow, and ice
climate an area’s weather patterns over a long period of time
temperature a measurement of how hot or cold something is
precipitation wetness that falls to the ground, rain, hail, sleet, snow
natural vegetation vegetation that grows without people having to plant or care for it
vegetation plants and trees
irrigation a way of bringing water to crops in dry areas
orchard a place where fruit and nut trees are grown
citrus fruit a type of juicy fruit; oranges and grapefruit are citrus fruits
cultivated vegetation plants that people grow from seeds or from other plant parts
endangered in danger of dying out completely threatened likely to become endangered
sorghum grass and grain raised as food for animals
Created by: pc.carr88