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US-Delcaration of I

Study Guide for American History test over the Declaration of Independence

What are the four main parts of the Declaration of Independence? Preamble, Declaration of Natural Rights, List of Grievances,Resolution of Independence by the United States
Why did the colonists feel like they had to declare the causes that forced them to seek separation from England? Because they had a decent respect for the opinions of mankind
What two truths does the Declaration say are self-evident? "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights"
What are the unalienable rights the Declaration says we have? "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness"
According to the Declaration, who gave us these rights? "they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights"
Why is it important that you got your rights from the Creator, or because you are a human, and not from a government? if you got these rights from a government, the government would be able to take them away
Why are governments set up? "to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men"
What does it mean when we say that governments are to secure our rights? they are to PROTECT our rights
Where do governments get their power according to the Declaration? "deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed"
What two things should people do when a government becomes destructive to the basic rights of its people? "it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government"
What are people doing to their government if they are altering it? changing it
What are people doing to their government if they are abolishing it? throwing it out, completely changing it, destroying it,
What should the people do if they alter, or abolish, their government? create a new one
People have the right to do what two things when their government continually abuses them and takes away their rights? "it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security"
The colonists claimed the king called legislative bodies together at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant to public records for what purpose? "for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures"
What does the word "fatiguing" mean? tiring them out
Why did the king dissolved the colonial legislatures? "for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people" (for standing up to him)
The Declaration complains about the Kings use of the military by saying "he has kept among us, in times of peace" "Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures"
The Declaration complains about the Kings use of the military by saying "he has affected to render the Military" "independent of and superior to the Civil power"
The Declaration complains about the Kings use of the military by saying he as Quartered... "large bodies of armed troops among us"
The Declaration complains about the Kings use of the military by saying he has protected them, "by ___?___, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States" by mock trial
What kind of trial is a mock trial? a FAKE trial
The Declaration complains about the Kings use of the military by saying "he is at this time transporting..." "large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny"
what became a rallying cry for the colonists when the king imposed taxes on them without their consent? No Taxation Without Representation
The Declaration accuses the king of taking colonial citizens captive on the high seas and forcing them do what? "to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren"
How have the colonist’s most humble petitions for relief from these oppressions been answered by the king? "Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury"
What does the Declaration conclude about this prince/king whose actions makes him a tyrant? he is "is unfit to be the ruler of a free people"
What do these representatives from the united States of America call upon the Supreme Judge of the world for? "appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions"
What does "rectitude of our intentions" mean? the rightness, or correctness, of our actions,
What does the document conclude ought to happen to the political connections between the colonies and the British Crown? "is and ought to be totally dissolved"
Who did the signers of this document rely on for protection? "with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence"
What did the signers of the document mutually pledge to each other for the support of this Declaration of Independence? "we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor."
When the signers pledged their "sacred honor" to each other, what did that mean? they put their names and reputations on the line
What does the word "self-evident" mean in the Declaration? that something is so obvious that it doesn’t need proof or explanation?
What is a likely reason why the word "united" is not capitalized in the Declaration? the individual states were more important than the country as a whole
Created by: ColbyHistory