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Chapter 8

TermDefinition
Progressivism movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
Muckraker writer who uncovers and exposes misconducts in politics or business
Social Gospel reforms movement that emerged in the late 19 century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
Settlement Houses Community center organized at the turn of the 29th century to provide social service to urban poor
Direct Primary election in which the citizens themselves vote the nominees for up coming elections
Initiative process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on a ballet
Referendum allowed citizens to approve of reject laws passed by a legislature
Recall gave voters the power to remove pubic servants from office before their term ended
National consumers league(NCL) group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage
Temperance movement movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
Suffrage the right to vote
National American women's suffrage association (NAWSA) group founded in 1890that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
19th amendment gave women the right to vote
Americanization assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Niagara Movement group of African American thinkers that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices
National association for the advancement of colored people(NAACP) aimed to help African American be free from peonage, mentally free from ignorance political disfranchisement and social insult
Urban League networks of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and false statements
Anti-Deformation League(1913) Defended Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
Mutualistic group that made loans and provided legal assistance
Square Deal kept the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Hepburn Act(1906) law that gave the gov't the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridges tolls and oil pipe lines
Meat inspection act provided federal agents to inspect meat sold across state line and required federal inspection of meat-processing plants
Pure food and drug act federal inspection of food nd medicine and banned interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
National reclamation acct gave the federal gov't the power to decide where and how water would be distributed
New nationalism President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the gov'ts trust-busting power
Progressive party political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party in 1912
New freedom Woodrow Wilson program to place gov't controls on corporation in order to benefit small business
16th amendment(1913) gave congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal reserve act(19130 law that placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which set up regional banks to hold the reserve funds from commercial banks
federal Trade Commission (FTC)(1914) gov't agency that identified monopolistic business practice, false advertising and dishonest labeling
Clayton Anti-trust Act(1914) law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust act
Created by: vida_girl96