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Ch. 8

Chapter 8

TermDefinition
1. progressivism movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
2. muckraker writer who uncovers exposes misconduct in policies or business
3. Social Gospel reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
4. settlement houses community center organized at the turn of the 20th century to provide social services to the urban poor
5. direct primary election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees to upcoming elections
6. initiative process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
7. referendum process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature
8. recall process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
9. NCL ( National Consumers League) group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage
10. temperance movement movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and problems created by it
11. suffrage the right to vote
12. NAWSA (National American Woman Suffrage Association) group founded in 1890 that worked both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
13. 19th Amendment constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote
14. Americanization belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
15. Niagara Movement group of African American thinkers founded in 1905 that punished for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices
16. NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discriminate and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans
17. Urban League network of churched and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities
18. Anti-Deflamation League organization formed in 1913 to defend Jew against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
19. mutualistas organized groups of Mexican-Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community
20. Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantages of small business owners and the poor
21. Hepburn Act 1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railroads rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge toils, and oil pipelines
22. Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allows the federal government to inspect meat sold across sate lines and required federal inspection of meat-processing plants
23. Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and mislabeling of food and drugs
24. National Reclamation Act 1902 law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
25. New Nationalism President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the government's trustbusting power
26. Progressive Party political party that emerged from the Tafi-Roosevelt battle the split the Republican Party in 1912
27. New Freedom Woodward Wilson's program to place government controls on corporation in order to benefit small businesses
28. 16th Amendment 1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
29. Federal Reservation Act 1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reservation Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, set interest rates, and supervises commercial banks
30. Federal Trade Commission government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
31. Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: K_Higgins01