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Chapter 8 Vocab

Progressivism movement that responded to the pressure of industrialization and urbanization by promoting eforms
muckraker writer who exposed misconduct in the politics or business
Social Gospel reform movement sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
settlement houses community center organized to provide social services to the urban poor
direct primary election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming election
initiative process which citizens put a new law directly on the ballot
referendum allow citizens to approve or reject a new law by legislature
recall voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
National Consumers League (NCL) group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and minimum wages
temperance movement movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problem created by it
suffrage the right to vote
National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) group in 1890 that worked both the state and national levels to earn women right to vote
19th Amendment amendment that gave women the right to vote
Americanization belief that assimilating immigrants into America society would make them more loyal citizens
Niagara Movement group of African Americans that pushed for immediate racial reforms, education,and voting
National Association for the Advancement of Color People (NAACP) interracial organization wanted to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans
Urban League network of churches and clubs that set up employment and relief efforts to help Africans Americans get settle and find work
Anti-Defamation League organization formed to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
mutualistas Mexican American group that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members
Square Deal Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business and the poor
Hepburn Act 1906 law that gave government the authority to set railroads rates and max prices for ferries, bridge toll, oil piplines
Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allowed federal government to inspect meat sold across the state lines
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine
National Reclamation Act 1902 law gave federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the buildings
New Nationalism Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the government trustbusting power
Progressive Party political party that emerged the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican party
New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations to benefit small business
16th Amendment amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal Reserve Act 1913 law place national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board
Federal Trade Commission government agencies to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: jarekboyd