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Chapter 3 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
charter a written document signed by the King or government
malaria disease spread by misquitos
John Smith soldier and adventurer and leader of Jamestown
Pocahontas daughter of a Powhatan Indian chief
joint-stock company a business in which investors pool their wealth in order to turn a profit
Jamestown the first permanent English settlement in North America
indentured servant a person who sold his or her labor in exchange for passage to America
House of Burgesses created in 1619, the first representative assembly in the American colonies
Bacon's Rebellion a revolt against powerful colonial authority in Jamestown by Nathaniel Bacon and a group of landless frontier settlers that resulted in the burning of Jamestown in 1676
pilgrims a member of the group that rejected the Church of England, sailed to America, and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620
Mayflower Compact an agreement established by the men who sailed to America on the Mayflower, which called for laws for the good of the colony and set fourth the idea of self-government
Puritans a member of a group from England that settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church of England
Great Migration the movement of Puritans from England to establish settlements around the world, including 20,000 who sailed for America; the movement of African Americans between 1910 and 1920 to northern cities from the South
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut a set of laws that were established in 1639 by a Puritan congregation who had settled in the Connecticut Valley and that expanded the idea of representative government
Roger Williams minister in Salem, Massachusetts, who founded the first Baptist church in America and he founded the colony of Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister, or Bible
King Phillip's War in 1675-1676, the Puritan colonies fought a brutal war with the Native Americans
Peter Stuyvesant the new governor of the colony of New Netherland from 1647-1664
Duke of York proprietary owner of New Netherland
patroon a person who brought 50 settlers to New Netherland and in return received a large land grant and other special privileges
proprietary colony a colony with a single owner
William Penn became another large landowner in America and was born into a wealthy English family
Quakers a person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony; accepted different religions and ethnic groups
royal colony a colony ruled by governors appointed by a king
James Oglethorpe in 1732 he founded Georgia as a refuge for debtors
Created by: s0205202