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Chapter 8

U.S History

TermDefinition
Progressiveness Movement that respond to the pressures of industrialization & urbanization by promoting reforms
Muckraker Writer who uncovers & exposes misconduct in politics or business.
Social Gospel reform movement that emerged in the late 19th century that sought to improve society by applying Christian priciples
Settlement house community center organized at the turn of the 20th century to provide social services to the urban poor.
Direct Primary Election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.
Initiative process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
Referendum Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature.
Recall process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their term ends
National Consumers League (NCL) Group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage.
Temperance movment aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
Suffrage right to vote
National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) group formed in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
19th Amendment constitutional amendment that provided women the right to vote
Americanization belief that assimilating immigrants into american society would make them more loyal citizens
Niagara Movement Group of African American thinkers founded in 1905 that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in educational & voting practices
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation & discrimination & to achieve political & civil rights for African Americans
Urban League Network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in cities.
Anti-Defamation League organization formed in 1939 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statments.
Mutualistas organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community.
Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Hepburn Act 1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and the maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines.
Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allowed the feral government to inspect meat sold across state lines &required federal inspection of meat processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicines and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure foods and mislabeling of food and drugs.
National Reclamation Act 1902 law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
New Nationalism President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the governments trust-busting power
Progressive party Political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican party in 1912
New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses
16th amendment 1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal Reserve Act 1913 law that placed national banks under control of a federal reserve board which runs regional banks that hold reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates , and supervises commercial banks
Federal Trade Commission Government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling.
Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: lexi.arterburn