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Chapter 6: Test (R)

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Henry Bessemer The Bessemer Process developed independently by Henry Bessemer
Eugene V. Debs who attempted to form such an industrial union
Edwin L. Drake Used a steam engine to drill for oil (1859)
Thomas Alva Edison Invented the light bulb in 1879
George Pullman He built a factory for manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on Illinois Prairie
Christopher Sholes Invented the typewriter in 1867
American Federation of Labor negotiation between representatives of labor and management
Knights of Labor was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire in New York City on May 25,1911, was one of the deadliest industrial disaster
Great Strike of 1877 Railroad workers struck to protest their second wage cut in two months
City of Pullman The town of Pullman was carefully laid out and strictly controlled
Alex Graham Bell Invented the telephone in 1876
John D. Rockefeller established corporations such as the standard oil company
Mary "Mother" Jones was a Native Ireland who immigrated to North America as a child
Samuel Gompers led the cigar marker's International Union to join with other craft unions in 1886
Andrew Carnegie He entered the steel business in 1873
Interstate Commerce Act established the right of the federal government to supervise railroads activities
Industrial Workers Of the World a group of radical unionists and socialists in Chicago
Sherman Antitrust Act illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or countries
Credit Mobilier The stockholders gave this company a contract to lay track at two- three times the actual cost
Haymarket Riot a bomb was thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally
Horizontal Integration Buying out all of your competitors
Vertical Integration Is a process in which you buy out your suppilers
collective Bargaining to reach written agreements on wages, hours and working conditions
Monopoly A situation in which only one seller controls the production for which there are no close substitutes
Labor Union Skilled or unskilled, black or white- joined together in unions to try to improve their lot
Wobblies Miners, Lumberers, Cannery and Dock works
Gilded Age the period following roughly from the 1870 to the turn of the twentieth century
Social Darwinism He explained that a process of " Natural Selection" weeded out less-suited individuals
Recession is a business cycle contraction and it is a general slowdown in economic activities
Sweatshop is a negatively connoted term for any working environment considered to be unacceptably dangers
Industrialism was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760
Scabs a worker who refuses to join a labor union or to participate in a union strike
Created by: Devaki Naik