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Ch8 US History Vocab


Progressivism believed that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice
muckraker writers that were too fascinated with the ugliest side of things. ( A muckrake is a tool used to clean manure and hay out of animal's stables)
Social Gospel by following the Bible's teachings and charity and justice, he explained, people could make society "the kingdom of God:
settlement house a community center that provided social services to the urban poor
direct primary an election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
initiative power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting citizens' signatures on a petition
referndum allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature
recall gave voter the power to remove public servants from office before their terms endd
National Consumers League (NCL) gave special labels to "goods produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions:
temperance movement promoted temperance, the practice of never drinking alcohol
suffrage the right to vote
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) a group that supported the national suffrage effort; believed that the effort to win the vote would take women's attention aawy from family and volunteer work that benefited society in many ways
Nineteenth Amendment stated that the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex"
Americanization programs that tried to change how immigrants lived and taught them English
Niagara Movement denounced the idea of gradual progress
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) aimed to help African Americans be "physically free from peonage [forced, low-paid labor], mentally free from ignorance, politically free from disfranchisement, and socially free from insult"
Urban League while NAACP helped middle-class blacks struggle for political and social justice, the Urban League focused on poorer workers
Anti-Defamation League to defend Jews and others and physical and verbal attacks, false statements, and "to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike"
mutualistas groups that made loans and provided legal assistance
Square Deal program that wanted to keep the wealth and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Hepburn Act gave the ICC strong enforcement powers
Meat Inspection Act provided federal agents to inspect any meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat-processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act placed the same controls on other foods and on medicines
National Reclamation Act gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed
New Nationalism a program to restore the government's trustbusting power
Progressive Party the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party as an election neared. Progressives bolted from the Republican Party and set up the Progressive Party
New Freedom plan that would place strict government controls on corporations; similar to Roosevelt's New Nationalism
Sixteenth Amendment gave to power to create a graduated income tax; means that wealth people pay a higher percentege of their income than poor people
Federal Reserve Act This law placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which set up regional banks to hold the reserve funds and commercial banks.
Federal Trade Commission group were named by the President to monitor business practices that lead to monopoly
Clayton Antitrust Act strengthened earlier antitrust laws by spelling out those activities in which businesses could not engage
Created by: Lugano