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Protozoal and helminth infections - microbiology

Entamoeba histolytica Amebiasis Mild diarrhea, amebic dysentery, syst is infective form Protozoa
Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis Hikers drinking stream water/kids at daycare flatulence, malabsorption, AIDS diarrhea Protozoa
1. Plasmodium vivax 2. Plasmodium falciparum Malaria 1. anopheles mosquito anemia, chronic splenomegaly 2. black water fever, may be fatal both protozoa
Leishmania donovani Kala-Azar (leishmaniasis) sandflies protozoa
1. Trypansoma gambiense 2. Trypansoma cruzi Trypanosomiasis 1. TseTse fly african sleeping sickness 2. Kissing bug(reduviid bug) chaga's disease both protozoa
Toxoplasma gondii Toxoplasmosis undercooked meat, cat poop may cause miscarriages, if never before exposed protozoa
Pneumocystis carninii AIDS Pheumonia dry, nonproductive cough protozoa
nematode round worm
cestodes tapeworm/flatworm
trematodes fluke/flatworm
Ascaris Lumbricoides ascariasis oral-fecal colicky pain nematode
Necator americanus Hookworm night soil bare feet, MC hookworm in US Nematode
Enteroblus vermicularis pinworm anus-finger-mouth scotch tape test, MC helminth world wide Nematode
Trichuris trichura Whipworm oral-fecal weight loss nematode
trichinella sprialis Trichinosis raw pork lives in muscle, test = biopsy of skel. m. nematode
Wuchereria bancrotti Filariasis mosquito elephantitis, lymphatic blockage nematode
Onchocerca volvulus River blindness flies africa nematode
Loa Loa River eye worm flies africa nematode
Hymenolepsis nana Dwarf mouth diarrhea Cestode
Taenia saginata beef tapeworm uncooked beef Cestode
Taenia solium Pork tapeworm, more serious uncooked pork cestode
Diphyllobothrium latum fish tapeworm mouth may cause pernicious anemia cestode
Echinococcus granulosus Dog tapeworm canine feces hydatid cysts cestode
Paragonimus westermani Pulmonary fluke crayfish, mouth hemoptysis trematode
Shistosoma japonicum Blood fluke infeste water penetrates unbroken skin humans and snails required, MN cause of death from a helminth infects the liver trematode
Created by: brownoldshoes