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chapter 3 vocab


joint-stock company ? a business in which people (investors) invest their money into a project to earn profit. (money)
charter a written contract issued by a government giving the holder the right to establish a colony.
Jamestown The first permanent English settlement in North America.
John Smith Soldier who took charge of Jamestown. He said "He that will not work shall not eat". His methods were successful. He also convinced the Powhatan tribe to trade corn to the colonists. Later he got injured with a gunpowder explosion and returned to England.
Indentured servant A person who sold his/her labor in exchange for passage to America.
House of Burgesses CREATED IN 1619. the first representative assembly in the American colonies.
Bacon's Rebellion Revolt against powerful colonial authority in Jamestown by Nathaniel Bacon and a group of landless frontier settlers that resulted in the burning of Jamestown in 1676.
Pilgrims a memeber of the group that rejected the church of England, sailed to America, and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620.
Mayflower Compact An agreement established by the men who sailed to America on the Mayflower, which called for laws for the good of the colony and set forth the idea of self-confidence.
Puritans a member of a group from from England that settled in Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church Of England.
Great Migration
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Roger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
King Philip's War A war between the Puritan colonies and Native Americans in 1675-1676.
Peter Stuyvesant
patroon a person who brought 50 settlers to New Netherlands and in return received a large land grant and other special privilages.
Duke of York
proprietary colony a colony with a single owner.
James Oglethorpe
Created by: marianacordero