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Chapter 3 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
joint-stock company people who invest in a company for profit
charter a written contract issued by a government giving the holder the right to establish a colony
Jamestown the first permanent English settlement in North America
John Smith a soildier and adventurer who made people would'nt let people eat if they didn't work
indentured servent a person who sold his or her labor in exchange for passage to America
House of Burgesses created in 1619, the representative assembly in the American colonies
Bacon's Rebellion a revolt against powerful colonial authority in Jamestown by Nathaniel Bacon and a group of landless frontier settlers that resulted in the burning of Jamestown in 1676
Pilgrams a member of the group that rejected the Church of England, sailed to America, and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620
Mayflower Compact an agreement established by the men who sailed to America on the Mayflower,which called for laws for the good of the colony and set forth the idea of self-government
Puritans a member of a group from England that settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church of England
Great Migartion the movement of Puritans from England to establish settlements around the world, including 20,000 who sailed for America
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut set of laws that were established in1639 by a Puritan congregation who had settled in the Connecticut Valley and that expanded the ida of representative government
Roger Williams a minister in Salem, Massachusetts who founded the first Baptist church in America
Anne Hutchinson believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister, or Bible
King Philips's War a war between the Puritan colonies and Native American in 1866
Peter Stuyvesant was a governor but soon lost that job because of his harsh personality and rough manner
patroon a person who brought 50 setlers to New Netherlands and in return received a large lang grant and other special privileges
Duke of York his brother King Charles II decieded that he shold drive the Dutch out of New Netherlands
proprietary colony a colony with single owner
William Penn a large land owner in America
Quaker a person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony; accepted different religions and ethnic groups
royal colony a colony ruled by governors appointed by a king
James Oglethorpe founded Georgia as a refuge for debtors
Created by: Vanessa681