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US-Dec.Connections2

Connections between Enlightenment ideas and the three main documents of the US

QuestionAnswer
How does Thomas Aquinas' and John Locke's ideas of natural law show up in the Declaration of Independence We have been "endowed by our Creator" with these rights because we are human beings.
How does Thomas Hobbes' idea people being naturally selfish and violent show up in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution The Grievances in the Declaration show the king being selfish and violent. The Constitution builds in a system of checks and balances so no branch can gain too much power
How does John Locke's idea of governments answering to their people show up in the Declaration of Independence That governments get their power from the "consent of the governed"
How does John Locke's idea of natural rights like life, liberty, and property show up in the Declaration of Independence That our unalienable rights include "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"
How does John Locke's idea that government should protect these rights show up in the Declaration of Independence To "secure these rights" governments are instituted among men.
How does John Locke's and Rousseau's idea that government is a contract between the people and the rulers show up in the Declaration of Independence Governments part of the contract is to "secure these rights" and when the government does this, the people give their "consent" to give the government its just power.
How do Voltaire's ideas about religious freedom show up in the Constitution In the 1st Amendment it states that Congress cannot "establish" a religion and it can't prevent people from the "free exercise of their religious beliefs
How does Montesquieu's ideas about the separation of powers show up in the Constitution The Constitution created three branches of government, the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches so now one branch of government would gain too much power
How does the Magna Carta's ideas of limiting royal powers and protecting the rights of the nobles show up in the Declaration of Independence in what way? The Magna Carta was "baby steps" on the road to equality. This showed up in the Declaration with, "all men are created equal".
How does the English Bill of Right's idea that the monarch cannot tax the people without Parliament's consent show up in the Declaration of Independence The Declaration states that the government must get the "consent of the governed" for its powers and actions
How does the English Bill of Right's idea that people have a right to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of their peers show up in the Constitution The 6th Amendment to the Constitution says anyone accused of a crime has the right to "speedy and public trial by an impartial jury"
How does the English Bill of Right's idea that people have a right to petition (ask) the king for something show up in the Constitution The 1st Amendment to the Constitution says that Congress can make no law taking away the people's right to "petition the government" for a solution to a complaint
Created by: ColbyHistory