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Chapter 8 Progressiv

Chapter 8

TermDefinition
1. Progressivism movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
2. muckraker writer that uncovers and exposes misconduct
3. Social Gospel reform movement that sought to improve society by applying Christian princibles
4. settlement house community center organized to provide social services to the urban poor
5. direct primary election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elecrtions
6. initiative process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
7. referendum process to allow citizens to approve or reject a law passed by legislature
8. recall process in which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
9. NCL (National Commerce League) group organized to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage
10. temperance movement movement aimed to stop alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
11. sufferage the right to vote
12. NAWSA (National American Woman Suffrage Association) group founded that worked on both the state and the national levels to earn women the right to vote
13. 19th amendment gave women the right to vote
14. Americanization belief that assimilation immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
15. Niagara movement group of African American thinkers founded that pushed for immediate racial reforms (education and voting right)
16. NAACP (National Association for the advancement of Colored People) interracial organization sounded to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil right for the African Americans
17. Urban League network for churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relied efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities
18. Anti-Defamation League organization formed to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
19. mutualistas organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other member of their community
20. Square Deal President Roodevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
21. Hepburn Act law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines
22. Meat Inspection law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required inspection of meat processing plants
23. Pure Food and Drug Act law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
24. National Reclamation Act law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
25. New Nationalism President Roosevelt's plan to restore the government's trustbusting power
26. Progressive Party political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party
27. New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses
28. 16th amendment gave congress the authority to levy an income tax
29. Federal Reserve Act law that placed national banks under the control of the Federal Reserve Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates, and supervises commercial banks
30.Federal Trade Commission (FTC) government agency established to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
31. Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: eafarrow97