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Foy Ch. 4 Vocab

TermDefinition
First Continental Congress A 1774 meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to the closing of Boston Harbor, increased taxes, and abuses of authority by the British government and petitioned King George III regarding those issues.
Patriots American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.
Minutemen American colonial militia members ready to fight at a minute's notice.
Redcoats British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the American Revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms.
Second Continental Congress A 1775 meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to react to fighting at Lexington and Concord.
Continental Army The army created by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 to defend the American colonies from Britain.
Battle of Bunker Hill A 1775 Revolutionary War battle in Boston that demonstrated that the colonists could fight well against the British army.
Common Sense A 1776 pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized the monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.
Declaration of Independence The 1776 document written to declare the colonies free from British rule.
Loyalists Colonists who sided with Britain in the American Revolution.
mercenaries Hired foreign soldiers.
Battle of Trenton A 1776 Revolutionary War battle in New Jersey in which Patriot forces captured more than 900 Hessian troops.
Battle of Saratoga A 1777 Revolutionary War battle in New York that resulted in a major defeat of British troops; marked the Patriots' greatest victory up to that point in the war.
Battle of Yorktown The 1781 last major battle of the Revolutionary War; site of British general Charles Cornwallis's surrender to the Patriots in Virginia.
Treaty of Paris of 1783 A peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established British recognition of the independence of the United States.
Created by: lfoy8290