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Chapter 8 Greece

polis a greek word for a city-state
classical marked by great achievements
acropolis a high hill
democracy a type of government in which people rule themselves
aristocrats rich landowners
oligarchy a government in which only a few people have power
tyrant a leader who held power through the use of force
mythology a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
fables short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
Cyrus the Great A Persian leader who conquered many lands and expanded the empire
Immortals A group of 10,000 soldiers who led the army to victories
Cavalry A unit of soldiers who ride horses
Darius A leader in Persia who tried to restore order in Persia
Satraps Governors who were in charge of the 20 provinces
Xerxes Darius's son. He tried to conquerGreece for the second time.
Alliance An agreement to work together
Peloponnesian War A war between Sparta and Athens
Created by: AlbrethsenE