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Key terms Ch. 16

U.S. History Making America 6th Edition

TermDefinition
Homestead Act Policy to stimulate economic growth, passed in 1862, gave up to 160 acres of government claimed land to any person who built a house and farmed said land for 5 years
Land-Grant College Act in 1862, gave land to each state to fund a required public university
Pacific Railway Act in 1862, gave loans and land, 10 square miles for every mile of track laid, which doubled in 1864, to Pacific Union and Central Pacific companies
mail-order sales railway connections made it possible to produce a wide variety of products to be shipped thruogh out the nation
John Pierpont Morgan in 1880' he was the nation's leading investment banker, he went to school in Switzerland and Germany
Andrew Carnegie built the nation's largest steel plant, he cut cost to show profit while charging less than his competitors
Social Darwinism a philosophical perspective that competition among people, produced progress through "survival of the fittest"
Gospel of Wealth the idea that the wealthy should return their riches to the community
Thomas A. Edison set up the first modern research lab, promised "a minor invention every 10 days and something big every 6 months
department stores offered a wide range of ready-made products that could be returned or exchanged
New South effort by some southerners to modernize their region during Reconstruction, promoted a more diverse economic base with more manufacturing
Henry Grady Proponent of the New South, through skillful journalism, helped Atlanta to emerge as the symbol of the New South- a center of transportation, industry and finance
horse culture nomadic indian who lived in tipis year-round and followed the buffalo heards
Lakota meaning allies, the French often called them Sioux,
Crazy Horse killed when resisting to be put in army jail, he lead the Lakota and Cheyenne people in the Powder River Region. He defeated Custer at Little Big Horn River
Sitting Bull along with Crazy Horse, led his people of the great Sioux, when Crazy Horse was killed he and a band escaped to Canada until 1881 when he finally surrendered
Great Sioux War federal authorities decided to Force all Lakota and Cheyenne people onto the reservation
Little Big Horn River Colonel George A. Custer, sent his Seventh Calvary against the largest encampment on the plains, he unwisely divided his force and he and more than 200 men died
Chief Joseph Led the Nez Perces against that attempt of the U.S. government to move them to a new reservation, he surrendered under conditions that his people would be able to return to their previous home
Ghost Dance new religion taken up by some Lakota, which promised to restore buffalo and sweep away the whites
Wounded Knee Creek Surrounded and refusing to give up their weapons as many as 250 Lakota died. Marked the end of armed conflict o the Great Plains
Reclamation Act in 1902 the law became a major power in the West as it moved the regions water to areas where it could be used for irrigation
Sierra Club Formed in 1892 dedicated to preserving Sierra Nevada wilderness
Created by: ari-el