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Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
new immigrants southern and eastern European immigrants who arrived in the U.S. in 1880 and 1920.
steerage it was located in the lower decks with no private cabins it was very dirty.
Ellis Island island in New York Harbor that served as an immigration station for millions immigrants arriving in the U.S.
Angel Island immigrant processing station that opened in San Francisco Bay in 1910.
Americanization a program helping newcomers learn english and helping them be loyal citizens.
melting pot white people of all different nationalities blended to make a single culture.
nativism a belief that native-born white Americans were superior to newcomers.
Chinese Exclusion Act it prohibited immigration by Chinese laborers, limited the civil rights of Chinese immigrants and forbade the naturalization of Chinese residents
urbanization number of cities and people living in them increased dramatically.
rural-to-urban migrants a person who moves from an agriculture area to a city.
skyscrapers ten-story buildings with steel frames with artistic designs to show their height.
Mass transit public system that can carry a lot of people for cheap.
suburbs residential areas surrounding a city.
tenements low-cost multifamily housing to fit as many families as they can.
Gilded Age a new lifestyle that middle-class Americans adopted during this period.
conspicuous consumerism people bought the new products in the market.
mass culture similar cultural patterns in a society as a results of the spread of transportation, communication, and advertising.
vaudeville shows that were a medley of musical drama, songs, and off-color comedy.
Created by: tooham10