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Foy Ch. 3 Vocab

Jamestown The first colony in America; set up in 1607 along the James River in Virginia.
indentured servants A colonist who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years.
Bacon's Rebellion A 1676 attack led by Nathaniel Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia.
Toleration Act of 1649 A Maryland law that made restricting the religious rights of Christians a crime; the first law guaranteeing religious freedom to be passed in America.
slave codes Laws passed in the colonies to control slaves.
Puritans Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England.
Pilgrims Members of a Puritan Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600's to settle in the Americas.
immigrants People who move to another country after leaving their homeland.
Mayflower Compact A 1620 document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government.
Quakers Society of Friends; Protestant sect founded in 1640's in England whose members believed that salvation was available to all people.
staple crops Crops that are continuously in demand.
town meeting A political meeting at which people make decisions on local issues; used primarily in New England.
English Bill of Rights A 1689 shift of political power from the British monarchy to Parliament.
triangular trade Trading networks in which goods and slaves moved among England, the American colonies, and Africa.
Middle Passage A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies.
Great Awakening A religious movement that became widespread in the American colonies in the 1730's and 1740's.
Enlightenment The Age of Reason; movement that began in Europe in the 1700's as people began examining the natural world, society and government.
Committees of Correspondence Committee's created by the Massachusetts House of Representatives in the 1760's to help towns and colonies share information.
Stamp Act of 1765 A law passed by Parliament that raised tax money by requiring colonists to pay for an official stamp whenever they bought paper items such as newspapers, licenses, and legal documents.
Boston Massacre A 1770 incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonist, killing five people
Tea Act A 1778 law passed by Parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies, undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Tea Party A 1773 protest against the Tea Act in which a group of colonists boarded British tea ships and dumped more than 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Acts 1774 laws passed by Parliament to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party and to tighten government control of the colonies.
Created by: lfoy8290