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Protestant reformation Sixteenth century religious reform movement begun by Martin Luther
Pilgrims A form of Puritan (separatists) who wanted to completely break away from the Church of England
New England confederation Colonists join together in order to protect themselves from French and Spanish
Calvanism Believed that one was predestined for either heaven or hell
Plymouth (1620) established by the pilgrims outside the jurisdiction of the Virginia company, so they were considered squatters because they had no "legal" right to the land
Quakers Pacifist, egalitarian religious dissenters who did not pay taxes to the Church of England. Worshipped without priests
Massachusetts bay colony A colony of primarily puritans (calvanists) it was not a colony dedicated to religious freedom
Dominion of New England Created by England divided up by colonies. They send Edmund Andrews to be in charge of the colonies
Institutes of the Christian religion All humans are weak and wicked, only predestined could go to heaven, no matter what
Navigation laws Enforced to get closer to Britain by dominion of New England, forbid American trade with countries other than Britain, smuggling became common
Great migration 1630's, turmoil in England sent about 70,000 puritans to America
Glorious revolution At the same time the people of England staged the Glorious Revolution instating William and Mary to the crown- result the dominion of New England collapsed
Puritans Want to totally reform the Church of England, grew impatient with the slow process of Protestant Reformation back to England, purify but not totally leave
General court A Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen
Dutch west India company With an army of 10,000 men and a fleet of 190 ships, often raided rather than traded, brought Manhattan Island for some worthless trinkets
Separatists Vowed to break away from the Church of England because "saints" would have to sit with the "damned", King Charles mocked them out of England because they disliked his religiously
Bible commonwealth Name for the Massachusetts bay colony that refers to its tax supported churches and visible saints
Mayflower(Godspeed) The ship in which the Pilgrim fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620
Protestant ethic Sociological term used to define the Calvinist belief in hard work to illustrate selection in elite group
Mayflower compact Drafted in 1629 prior to the settlement by the pilgrims at Plymouth bay. Declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in the best interest of all members of the colony
Fundamental orders of Connecticut Document which established a regime democratically controlled by substantial citizens of Hartford
French Huguenots French Protestants who were granted toleration by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 but permitted to settle in New France
Scottish Presbyterians Presbyterians established Church of Scotland
Church of England (Anglicans) The national Church of England, founded by king Henry viii. It included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas
Dutchification The traits and culture of the Dutch being imprinted into the young minds
Plymouth bay Where the pilgrims aboard the mayflower landed
Congregational church Founded by separatists who felt that the Church of England retained too many Roman Catholic beliefs and practices. The pilgrims were members
Pequot war Was an armed conflict in 1634-1638 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, with Native American allies against the Pequot tribe
Dutch "Golden Age" Spanning across seventeenth century. Religious toleration led to a stronger economy. Dutch east and west India companies dominated over seas trading. Ruled by confederation
New Netherland A colony founded by the Dutch in the new world. It became New York
New Amsterdam Dutch colony, present day New York City
New Sweden Swedish fur trading community established with the assistance of the Dutch on the Delaware river in 1638 and absorbed by new Netherland in 1655
Penn's Woodland The meaning of Pennsylvania
King Philip's War 1675, a series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Womoanoags, led by Metacomet, a chief known as King Philip
Created by: fosterw