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Apush Summer ch 3

TermDefinition
James town a former village on the James River in Virginia to the north of Norfolk; site of the first permanent English settlement in America in 1607
Colonialization Many people arrived and colonized around the Chesapeake Bay. BUilt societies with a foundation of tobacco and transatlantic trade
Pocahontas Ran to John Smith and placed her head on his protecting him. John and his crew became safe after that
James Smith Captain was captured by warriors of Powhatan. Was sentenced to death
Powhantan the supreme chief of about 1400 Algonquian people who inhabited the coastal plain of present-day Virginia.
James I king of england after the death of queen Elizabeth I he wanted colonies in North America
The Virginia Company land grant Virginia company: joint stock company was granted 6 million acres of land for establishing a colony. Now they could poach on both spanish claims and Powhatan's chiefdom
The Starving Time 1609-1610. Food became so short that one or two famished settlers resorted into eating their recently deceased neighbors
Royal Colonies Virginia became a royal colony subject to the direction of the royal government rather than the company.
House of Burgess an assembly of representatives elected by the colony's inhabitants. Laws had to be approved by the king now
A Tobacco Economy Tobacco was grown wild in the new world. Indians lit the Tobacco leaf and smoked it. Spanish colonists started to send more and more tobacco to Europe where it became affordable for everyone. Sent commercial shipment to england
Planters Thousands of planters importing thousands of pounds of tobacco. Took care of the plants storing it in the off season
Headright New settlers who paid their own transportation to Chesapeake received a grant of 50 acres of free land
Indentured Servitude (indenture) Contract that acted like credit where the immigrant borrowed the cost from a merchant or ship captain where it would be paid back in "freedom dues"
Women servants Women would be sold by the Virginia company for 120 pounds of tobacco, 1 in 4 indentures would be given to men because they were prefered
A Servant Society no control on who purchased their labor, sold very often,treated as property, harsh rules for women,
Protestantism Most Chesapeake colonists were nominally protestants, went to mass,
Lord Baltimore and the Catholic Colony of Lord Baltimore was given 6 1/2 million acres to start a refuge for catholics, but most of the people were protestant and the town grew slowly and became like Virginia
Maryland Colony that Lord Baltimore started for Catholics
Small yeoman farmers a farmer who owned a small plot of land sufficient to support a family and prepared largely by servants and a few family members
Developments that splintered equality
Chesapeake Society 2 groups. Free farmers, unfree slaves.
Governor William Berkeley
The Navigation Acts (1660 etc.)
The Policy of Mercantilism
Fears of Indian raids and Bacon’s
Rebellion
Grandees
Missionaries in Florida and New Mexico
The establishment of the Slave System
The West Indies ---transformative effects of sugar cane
South Carolina (a proprietary colony)
Joint Stock Company
Freedom dues
How/why did slave labor become increasingly “attractive” in the late 17th century?
How and why was the Jamestown colony founded and what reasons best explain the ultimate success of the colony?
Explain the significance of tobacco in Chesapeake colonial society.
Explain the different forms/sources of labor in colonial America.
How did the Navigation Acts reflect the mercantilist philosophy?
What were the causes and effects of Bacon’s Rebellion? What did the event “reveal”?
Treaty of Tordesillas Spain claimed all of North America