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MCAT Gen Chem JB

TermDefinition
Delta G at Equilibrium 0
Delta G equation -RTlnK OR delta H - T delta S
Keq equation [product]/ [reactants]
K < 1 means Delta G is... positive; NON-spontaneous
Negative Delta G Spontaneous/ Exergonic
Delta H; Enthalpy Negative- release heat; exothermic Positive- requires heat; endothermic
Oxygen's oxidation Number -2
STP? 1 atm 273 K 1 mole of gas at STP is 22.4 L
Rate law k[reactants]^reactant coefficient
Positron positively charged electron
Arrhenius Acid/ Base Donates/ Accepts Protons
High Vapor pressure Boils easily; Low BP; low------------------------------->high strong intemolecular forces > heavy molecular weight > linear > bulky
Positive Reduction Potential means.... more easily reduced
Positive Cell voltage will proceed spontaneously
Delta G for electrochem Cell = -nFE where E is the cell voltage
Galvanic/ Voltaic Cell Anode is Negative (electrons go towards the positive cathode)
Electrolytic Cell Anode is Positive (electrons to towards the negative cathode)
State Functions are... pathway independent
Adiabatic rxn No heat exchange
Isochoric rxn Constant Volume
Change in Energy = q (heat) + Work where Work = -change in V * P external
Created by: 563471636