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FTCE K-6 LA&Reading

FTCE SAE Elementary Education Language Arts & Reading Section

QuestionAnswer
most effective way to develop reading fluency repeated reading
which literary device is used when inanimate objects seem or act human personification
literary device where two things contradict each other to the point of not being possible paradox
which mode of writing is intended to provide information and includes facts and data expository
which mode of writing is intended to convince the reader of a certain way of thinking persuasive
which mode of writing is intended to tell a story narrative
type of assessment where the teacher asks students questions while they are doing an activity informal assessment
type of assessment where students answer questions about a topic that the teacher uses to see where the students are at before beginning a unit pretest/diagnostic
What are the 5 components of reading? Phonemic awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, Comprehension
What is phonics? The understanding of the relationships between the written letters of the alphabet and the sounds of spoken language. This knowledge allows the reader to "decode" words by translating the letters into speech sounds.
What allows the reader to "decode" words by translating the letters into speech sounds? Phonics
What is fluency? The ability to read quickly, accurately, and with proper expression.
Fluent readers can concentrate on understanding what they are reading because they don't have to focus on ___________. Decoding
What is vocabulary in relation to the five components of reading? It is all of the words that the reader can understand and use. The more words the reader knows, the better they will understand what they are reading.
What is comprehension? The ability to understand what one has read.
What is word recognition skills? It is when the student has the ability to visually identify words in isolation or in content.
What are the 4 critical thinking strategies? Making connections, making predictions, questioning, summarizing.
Critical thinking strategies --> Making connections --> What are the 3 types of connections a reader can make? Text to self, text to text, text to world.
What is a text to text connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to another book with a similar writing style, theme, or topic.
What type of connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to another book with a similar writing style, theme, or topic. Text to text connection
What is a text to self connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to their own personal lives.
What type of connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to their own personal lives. Text to Self
What is a text to world connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to a topic or an even that has taken or is taking place in the world.
What type of connection? Implies that the reader has made a connection from the reading to a topic or an even that has taken or is taking place in the world. Text to world connection
When reading, what happens when a student makes connections? They remember more of what they read and their comprehension increases.
Give examples of how a student can make predictions about what a particular text is going to be about. Reading the front cover, including the title. Looking at the illustration on the cover.
Critical Thinking Strategies --> Questioning --> What are the four key types of questions? Right There (the ans is in the text), Think and Search (Ans is in the text but the student must think about it to get the ans), Reader and Author (Ans needs to combine their experiences w/what the text states), On My Own (generate from prior knowledge)
What is summarizing? To state and concisely paraphrase what has been read. Summarizing takes place during and after reading. It can be done orally or in writing.
When does summarizing take place? During and after reading.
There are 4 components of Reading Fluency. What are they? Accuracy, automaticity, Rate, Prosody
There are 4 components of Reading Fluency. Describe Accuracy. Ability to correctly read words in a text.
The ability to read words in a text describes what component of Reading Fluency? Accuracy
There are 4 components of Reading Fluency. Describe Automaticity. Ability to instantly recognize a large bank of words to quickly decode unfamiliar words.
The ability to instantly recognize a large bank of words to quickly decode unfamiliar words describes what component of Reading Fluency? Automaticity
There are 4 components of Reading Fluency. Describe Rate. The speed of reading.
There are 4 components of Reading Fluency. Describe Prosody. The ability to read with appropriate rhythm, intonation, and expression.
The speed of reading describes what component of Reading Fluency? Rate
The ability to read with appropriate rhythm, intonation, and expression describes what component of Reading Fluency? Prosody
What is "Making an inference" in regards to reading? "Reading between the lines". Making meaning from the implied or underlying theme/point of text. An inference often includes merging what is already known about a topic to the new information being presented.
What is "visualize" in regards to reading? To create mental pictures in one's mind about the content of the reading.
Name 7 instructional methods and skills to facilitate student reading comprehension. Activating prior knowledge, summarizing, self-monitoring, questioning, use of graphic and semantic organizers, think alouds, recognizing story structure.
What is self-monitoring in regards to student reading comprehension? When students are aware of their thinking as they are reading. Students should pause periodically to reflect and think about the information being read in the text.
What are think alouds? Also known as "talking to the text". The teacher stating her thoughts as she reads aloud to the students. Then the students can practice this with each other in pairs.
What does it mean "Recognizing Story Structure"? That narratives or stories have a beginning, middle, and end, as well as elements such as setting, characters, and plot.
Informational, nonfiction, and narrative text is structured using organizational aids called "text features". What are common text features used in informational, nonfiction, and narratives? Title, table of contents, headings, subheadings, bold and italicized words, illustrations, photographs, labeled diagrams, charts, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, glossary, and index.
Accuracy, rate, prosody, and automaticity are all components of _________ __________. Fluency
True or False? "Talking to the text" is also known as a strategy called "think aloud". True
True or False? Graphophonemic is a phase of word recognition in elementary age students that refers to the letter-sound relationship? True
________ and ________ are two essential skills related to reading comprehension. Any two: Main idea, supporting details and facts, author's purpose, fact and opinion, point of view, inference, visualize, conclusion.
What are the five phases of word recognition? Pre-Alphabetic, partial-alphabetic, full-alaphabetic, graphophonemic, and morphemic.
During emergent literacy, children are exposed to the __________ or _________ of language and are encouraged to predict what the text may be about. structure or syntax
During emergent literacy, children are exposed to the structure or syntax of language and are encouraged to ________________. predict what the text may be about
What is alphabet knowledge? when young students can identify and name upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Why is concept of print important? Young learners need to understand that print conveys meaning, it has directionality (left, right, up, down), concept of a word, phonemic awareness, and how to identify the author, illustrations, title, and so on.
True or False? Emergent reading refers to the LATER part of reading? False, it refers to the beginning phase of literacy
True or False? Oral language development can be enhanced through class and small group discussions? True
True or False? Basic concepts of print include but are not limited to directionality, title page, and illustrations. True
There are ____ main genres of children's literature. 8
True or False: Nursery rhymes, fairy tales, legends, and myths are all considered folklore? True
Setting, characters, plot, theme, style are five elements of _________. Literacy
Define: Style (as it pertains to literacy elements) The vocabulary and syntax the author uses to create the story.
What is alliteration? Two or more words or syllables, near each other, with the same beginning consonant.
What is this the definition of? Two or more words or syllables, near each other, with the same beginning consonant. alliteration
What 4 criteria should be considered when selecting quality multicultural literature for children? Depicts diversity but avoids stereotyping of a particular culture. Explores culture differences/similarities in a sensitive manner. Provides an accurate and positive portrayal of the culture represented. Language/setting must be consistent w/the culture.
Responding to literature in a variety of ways assists students with __________ of the text comprehension
There are several forms of literature responses. Name several of them. Artistic literature response, discussion, drama, inquiry, written response, multimedia.
What would be some examples of an ARTISTIC LITERATURE RESPONSE? Drawings, paintings, collages, scratchboards, anything that uses artistic expression(s).
What would this be an example of: Small, temporary, heterogeneous groups of students talking about the story they are reading. Literacy circle
Examples of DRAMATIC RESPONSES are: Poetry readings, readers theater, and storytelling
Poetry readings, readers theater, and storytelling are examples of what type of literacy responses? Dramatice responses
Examples of WRITTEN LITERACY RESPONSES include: Anything that the reader has written such as graphic organizers, reading logs, learning logs, and reading response journals.
Anything that the reader has written such as graphic organizers, reading logs, learning logs, and reading response journals are all known as what types of literacy responses? Written literacy resoponses
Responding to a piece of literature by drawing is an example of _____________ literature. Artistic
The __________ writing stage begins with scribbling and ends with conventional spelling. developmental
The developmental writing stage includes: (Several things but list as many as you can) Scribbling, mock handwriting, mock letters, conventional letters, invented or temporary spellings, phonetic spellings and conventional spellings.
Scribbling, mock handwriting, mock letters, conventional letters, invented or temporary spellings, phonetic spellings and conventional spellings are all examples of what stage of writing? Developmental writing stage
What are the five stages of writings? Prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, publishing.
Define: Prewriting Activating prior knowledge, gathering and organizing ideas. May include brainstorming a list of ideas and researching/reading about a topic. May included deciding upon the intended audience.
Define: Drafting in relation to the writing process Transfer of ideas to paper, focus is on getting all thoughts down rather then on the spelling, grammar, and mechanics.
Define: Revising in relation to the writing process Refining and clarifying the draft. The focus is on meaning and further developing the writing piece.
Define: Editing in regards to the writing process Proofreading the draft for misspelled words, grammatical and mechanical errors, focus is on the mechanics (punctuation, sentence fragments, capitalization, etc.)
Define: Publishing in regards to the writing process Sharing a final project
What are the 6 modes of writing? Narrative, persuasive, descriptive, expository, informative, and creative.
Define: Narrative writing Writing that recounts a personal or fictional experience or tells a story based on a real or imagined event.
Define: Persuasive writing Writing that attempts to convince the reader that a point of view is valid or that the reader should take a specific action.
Define: Descriptive writing Writing that attempts to paint a picture or describe a person, place, thing, or idea
Define: Expository writing Writing that gives information, explains why or how, clarifies a process, or defines a concept.
Define: Informative writing Writing that informs the reader in an attempt to create newfound knowledge.
Define: Creative writing Writing that uses the writer's imagination.
Writing conventions include mechanics such as _________, ____________, _______________, and ______________. Spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and grammar.
Norm-referenced tests Assessment that have been given to students of various socioeconomic backgrounds in a variety of geographic locations in order to develop norms. Norms are the avg scores of the population and serve as a comparison to compare students.
Criterion referenced tests Assess the point at which the student has achieved mastery; has the student met a predetermined goal. Example is the FCAT test.
Define Diagnostic assessment. Dx assessments are standardized tests (carefully constructed and field tested) and aim to determine a student's strength's and weaknesses.
Define Performance-based assessment AKA and authentic assessment, this form of assessment incorporates real-life applications of what has been taught and enables the teacher to assess meaningful and complex educational products and performances.
What are fluency checks? Quick one minute timed reading assessments that focus on accuracy, rate, and prosody.
What is the formula for Fluency checks? (Number of words x 60) / (number of seconds)
Running records include what 5 observations? Errors, Self-Corrections, meaning, structure, visual
Define: Screening Used to assess students at the start of the year to identify the student's reading level and capabilities. The screening can then be compared to the progress monitoring assessments to show growth over time.
Define: Progress monitoring It shows gains in reading achievement and to provide information to the teacher that will help guide instruction.
Define: Anecdotal notes (records) Short, concise, written observations made by the teacher while students work. The purpose is to observe/record info that may be used in guiding reading instruction. Date notes and file in student portfolio or lesson plan book.
What are the 3 main cuing systems? Semantic, syntactic, and graphophonemic
Define: Cloze test Getting students to fill in words deliberately omitted from a passage of text. This procedure assists students in the prediction and us of context clues.
Define: Response log An informal assessment that documents students reading, viewing, and listening. Students record thoughts/feelings as they read media or watch literacy.
Define: Retelling A technique that involves reading, either silently or aloud, and then retelling what has been read. In the retelling, a student reveals the parts of the text that were more significant to him.
What are literature circles? Small, temporary, heterogenous groups of students that gather to discuss a book of their choice with the goal of increasing comprehension.
What is the workshop approach to literacy? Begins with the teacher demonstrating mini-lessons, then an opportunity for guided practice on the skills/content, then independent practice, then concludes with opportunities for sharing.
What are examples of literacy centers? poetry, listening, word work, writing, spelling, comprehension, literature response, vocabulary, art, independent reading are just a few examples.
poetry, listening, word work, writing, spelling, comprehension, literature response, vocabulary, art, independent reading are just a few examples of _______________ centers. literacy
What is paired/buddy reading? Two students of the same or different ages/grade levels have the same text and take turns reading or read chorally.
What is emergent literacy? The skills, knowledge, and attitudes that are developmental precursors to conventional forms of reading and writing.
What is alphabet knowledge? Identification and naming of the upper and lower case letters.
When a child has "Concepts of print" what does that mean? The student understands how print works. Print conveys meaning. Directionality (left to right, top to bottom), concept of a word (word boundaries), letter knowledge, phonemic awareness, and literacy language (author, pictures, title, etc,)
Phonological awareness refers to the ability to ___________ and ________ large parts of the spoken language. identify and manipulate
True or False: Oral language skills can be enhanced through songs, echo reading, and story retellings? True
______________ and ___________ are two informal assessment instruments. (6 possible answers) checklists, rubriks, games, concepts of print, surveys, and portfolios
In letter formation, what are the 4 basic strokes? circles, horizontal lines, vertical lines, and slant lines
What are the 4 main elements of penmanship? Letter formation, spacing, letter size/alignment, line quality
True or False: The element of legible handwriting that refers to consistency of the pencil strokes is LETTER ALIGNMENT? False, it refers to LINE QUALITY
Listening and speaking are ____________ processes that are essential elements of high quality language arts instruction. oral
What is efferent listening? listening to learn new information
Define: Aesthetic listening Done for pleasure and enjoyment compared to efferent listening which is done for learning.
Prior to reading aloud, ensure that the students understand the ______________ of the lesson. objective
Activating ____________ knowledge related to the topic being read about will help the reader make _____________ to the new information being presented, and increase comprehension. knowledge, connections
Allowing students to process their learning through _______ is vital to deeply understanding the concepts being presented. speaking
__________ and _____________ go hand in hand when students are learning. listening and speaking
The ___________ strategy is useful in both effective listening and speaking. questioning
IN order to foster multiple opportunities for listening and speaking in the classroom, your day should be structured to incorporate both whole group and ____________ lessons. small group
What does media literacy refer to? The students ability to interpret media messages.
What is visual media? Anything that is not printed such as television, video, radio broadcasts.
What can students do with Kidspiration software? Create graphic organizers, charts, timelines, and webs.
What are WebQuests? web-based learning experiences in which students navigate through predetermined web sites to glean further insight into a topic of study.
What is an Alphabet poem? A poem in which each line begins with the next letter of the alphabet
What is an acrostic? A poem in which the fist letter in each line form a word
Which type of poem is rhythmic and tells a historic event or a personal experience? Ballad
What is an autobiography? A piece of writing about oneself
What is a Haiku? A three lined poem in which the first line has five syllables, second has seven, and the third has five syllables
Created by: carolynspencer