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historys

terms and names

TermDefinition
King George III had succeeded his grandfather in 1760,lower dept
Sugar act a trade law in am attempt to reduce smuggling
Stamp act a law that established the first taxation of goods and services
Samuel Adams one of the founders of the sons of liberty
Boston Massacre a clash between British troops and Boston troops
Boston Tea Party dumping 1800 pounds of tea into Boston Habor
John Locke one of the key Enlightenment thinkers was english phiosopher
Common Sense (pamphlet) the idea of Thomas Paine
Thomas Jefferson Virginia Lower
Declaration of Independence the document written by Jefferson which delegates of the continental congress declared the colonies independence
Loyalists a colonist who supported english government
Patriots a colonist who supported American independence from Britain
Saratoga American troops surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga
Battle of Lexington The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War
Battle of Monmouth The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Battle of Bunker Hill The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, mostly on and around Breed's Hill, during the Siege of Boston early in the American Revolutionary War
Valley Forge a place that made a winter camp for troops
Inflation An increase in prices
Marquis de Lafayette Foreign military leader
Yorktown British troop camped in this place
Treaty of Paris A treaty that ended the revolutionary war, and confirming an independence of the U.S.
Ney Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan (also widely known as the Small State Plan or the Paterson Plan) was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention
Olive Branch Petition The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by the Continental Congress in July 1775 in a fortified attempt to avoid a full-blown war between the Thirteen Colonies that the Congress represented, and Great Britain
egalitarianism the belief that all people should have equal politics, economic
republic a gov in which the citizens rule through elected represenratives
Articles of Confederation the second continental congress set up a new plan for gov in a set of laws
Northwest Ordinane of 1787 Congress provided a procedure for dividing the land into no fewer than three and no more than 5 states
Shay's Rebellion as the farmers protest
federalism a politics system in which a national gov and constituent units such as state gov
checks and balances The delegates established a system tp prevent any one branch from dominating the other two
ratification the official approval of the constitution
Federalists a supporter of the constitution
Antifederalists opposed constitution an a strong central gov
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the U.s. constitution
Judiciary act of 1789 provided for supreme court and federal cicuit and district court
cabinet a group of department heads who serve as the president's chief advisers
two-party system the differences within Washington's cabinet intensified and soon helped to give rise
Democratic-Republican who supported Jefferson's vision
protective tariff a tax on imported goods that is intended to protect a nation's businesses from foreign competition
XYZ Affair a 1797 incident in which french officials demanded a bribe from U.S. deplomats
Alien and Sedition Acts The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress in the aftermath of the French Revolution and during an undeclared naval war with France,
nullification a state's refusal to recognize an act of congress
Henry Knox Henry Knox (July 25, 1750 – October 25, 1806) was a military officer of the Continental Army and later the United States Army, and also served as the first United States Secretary of War.
Created by: ali4cent