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Honors US 2 Final

Honors US II Final Exam Review

What was the significance of the Normany Invasion (D-Day)? largest amphibious attack, liberate France, beginning of end of the Nazis
What is island-hopping? leapfrogging movement of American forces from one strategic island to the next until American forces were in control of the Pacific and prepared to invade Japan
What factors led to the United States' decision to use that atomic bomb on Japan? The taking of Iwo Jima and Okinawa opened the way for an invasion of Japan. President Truman saw it as the only way to avoid an invasion of Japan. President Truman saw it as the only way to avoid an invasion with Japan.
What were the numerous effects of the US decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan? atomic bomb on Hiroshima and then on Nagasaki and Japan surrendering on Sept 2
What decisions were made within the Atlantic Charter? US & Great Britain pledged the following: collective security, disarmament, self-determination, economic cooperation, and freedom of the seas
How did Japanese Americans react to the policy of internment? They didn't like it, In 1944, the Supreme Court ruled, in Korematsu v. United States, that the government’s policy of evacuating Japanese Americans to camps was justified on the basic of “military necessity.”
What was the purpose of the Office of War Mobilization? The Office of War Mobilization coordinated all government agencies involved in the war effort during World War II.
How did the US government handle the problem of wartime inflation? The Office of Price Administration & the War Production Board
How did the US government finance the war? war bonds and deficit spending
What actions by the US showed that the country had distrust for the Soviets during WWII? Manhattan Project and atomic bomb
What factors in the post war period worsened US-Soviet relations and led eventually to the Cold War? American fear of communism, USSR’s fear of the American's atomic bomb, America’s refusal to share nuclear secrets, USSR’s aim of spreading world communism
How were the effectiveness and actions of the United Nations limited in the early postwar years? veto power
What was the main goal of the Truman Doctrine? stop spread of communism and promote capitalism
What were the Berlin Blockade and Berlin Airlift? Berlin Bockade was a when the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948 attempt to starve out the Allies in Berlin to gain supremacy, Berlin Airlift- a 327-day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin
Why did a nuclear arms race began in 1949 between the United States and the Soviet Union? A nuclear arms race began in 1949 between the United States and the Soviet Union b/c of the space race. Sputnik I came out of this arms race.
What was the outcome of the Korean War? Soviet Union and US made agreement to have a ceasefire, two sides signed it, ending an agreement, it was stalemate, 38th parallel remained
Why did the US first become involved in the conflict of Vietnam? The US government believed that by helping the South Vietnamese government resist the attacks of the communist North they were helping to prevent the spread of communism throughout the world.
What impact did the 1950s Red Scare have on the US? fear of Communist spies, many lost their jobs due to suspicion that they were Communists or friendly with Communists. People were investigated and an un-official blacklist ran through Hollywood as well as the radio and television industries.
What impact did Joseph R. McCarthy have on American society? went after the army publicly on television
What role did HUAC play during the 1950s Red Scare? investigate Communist influence inside and outside US government in the year, following WWII
What factors spurred economic growth in the 1950s? Cold War, concern over Soviet expansion, foreign aid programs, Marshall Plan, new techonologies and business ideas
How does business change after WWII? most Americans no logner held blue-collar jobs or industrial jobs, instead more people wokred in higher paid white collar positions
What factors contributed to the economic recovery after the war? Marshall Plan, social recovery programs
What factors contributed to suburan growth during the postwar period? baby boom, suburbs, returning soldiers
What were the goals of the New Frontier program? provide medical care for the elderly, to rebuild blighted surburban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national defense, to increase international aid, to expand space program
What was the purpose of the Peace Corps? JFK's program to provide voluntary assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, & Latin America
What was the policy of massive retaliation? if the Soviets shoot a missile attack, US would attack them with greater force
What was the result of the Bay of Pigs? failure, Kennedy was conspiring against the Cubans
What was the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis? turning point in nuclear race and Cold War, beginning of detente
What was the key difference between Kennedy and Johnson as leaders? programs they established, Kennedy was more popular
What groups were intended to benefit the most from Great Society programs? African Americans and poor people
What was the War on Poverty? set of government programs, designed to help poor Americans, began by President LBJ
What did the Immigration Act of 1965 do? law that increased the number of immigrants allowed to settle in the US
What was the impact of the Great Society? Medicaid, Medicare, and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) are in effect today, led to extreme improvements in health and welfare for elderly and poor, also narrowed economic gap between whites and blacks
What was the result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965? law that made it easier for African Americans to register to vote by eliminating discriminatory literacy tests and authorizing federal federal examiners to enroll voters denied at the local level
What was the philosophy of both the Nation of Islam and the Black Power movement? Black superiority and separatism from whites, African American pride, political and social leadership
What was De jure segregation? What was De facto segregation? De jure segregation was racial separation established by law, De facto segregation was racial separation established by practice and custom, not by law
What did the Black Panthers support? chaos and violence, black power and self defense
What was Black Nationalism? advocacy/social and poltiical movement that blacks had to separate themselves from their own country in America
What and who were associated with the Black Power Movement? Stokely Carmichael, Afriacn Americans
Why was the Birmingham campaign a success for the Civil Rights Movement? helped pave the way for passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 and provide momentum for the March on Washington
What was the result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964? law that banned discrimination in basis of race, sex, national origin, or religion in public places and most workplaces
What was JFK's policy in Vietnam? sent troops to Vietnam
What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution? gave LBJ broad powers to "defend Vietnam and any cost"
How did tv impact the Vietnam War? living room war, TV broadcasts reported bodycounts, atrocities, and declining troops morale, and lack of gains in the war
How did conservative Americans react to counterculture? angry and alarmed thought they were a threat to campuses and cities, composed to dangers to traditional values and threatened to plunge American society into anarchy, conservatives saw its decadent values
What actions taken by Nixon heightened the anti-war movement? sent US troops to Cambodia and ordered bombings of Laos
What was the end result of the Vietnam War in 1975? North Vietnam violated the cease-fire, invaded South Vietnam, unified the nation under communist government
What problems did American soldiers in Vietnam deal with? post traumatic stress disorder, hostility when they returned home
What was the result of MLK's assassination? outpouring of anger, most urban rioting in US history, over 100 cities exploded in flames as well as a period of national mourning that helped spread the way for the Civil Rights Act of 1968
What was Jimmy's Carter major weakness as President? didn't do enough dealing with Congress
What foreign policy action is considered to be Carter's greatest success as President? Camp David Accords
What events led to the Iranian Hostage Crisis? allowing the shah to the US to get medical treatment
What characteristic of Carter helped him win the Presidential election in 1976? trust of outsiders
What area did Reagan increase spending on? Defense
What was the impact of Reagan's economic policies? gap between rich and poor got liberated
What was the result of the Persian Gulf War? Kuwait was liberated
How did George H.W. Bush deal with the recession of the early 1990s? new taxes to increase the deficit
What was the main focus of the presidential election of 1992? taxes
What criticism did Clinton face ni the 1996 election campaign? White Water Scandal
What led to Clinton's impeachment in 1998? the affair with White House intern Monica Louwinsky
What was the final result of the Presidential Election of 2000? How was this result reached? recount, recount unconstitutional, George W. Bush became president
What effect did the 9/11 attacks have o the US? more security needed
What nation did the US invade in 2003 as a part of the War on Terror? Iraq
Created by: caragwohs