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medieval study

QuestionAnswer
what periode was the middle agers in 500A.D to 1500 A.D
When were the dark agers Between 500A.D and 1000A.D
When were the High middle agers Between 1000A.D and 1300 A.D
When were the late middle agers Between 1300A.D and 1500A.D
When did the the medieval era begin and where It began in England after the fall of Rome
When did the Feudal System come in it came to England in 1066 with the Battle of Hastings
when did the anglo saxons from Germany start to invade they started in in 400A.D and in 700A.D they conquered.
Where did William the Conqueror come from he came from Normandy and fought the Saxons in the Battle of Hastings
What did William the conqueror do after defeating Harold and William he marched into England and made himself the king
What did William do to the people who didn't knie him as their king He made orders telling them what they could and couldn't do
who created the Doomsday Book? William made the book so he could see who owned what land and how wealthy the kingdom was.
what did william do with the book with the information inside William could see who had power in england and who owed him taxes
what as the Bayeux Tapestry used for it was used by historians to track the norman conquest
where is it kept it is kept in england and you can still go and see it today.
What did the Feudal system create it created the basic social structure
order of the feudal system from the king down king, lords, knight and peasants
King the king liked being entertained by jesters and they were at the top of the pyramid and they had all the power
knights were to offer loyalty and service to the king and in return they had the kings support
peasants worked on the manor
who had what the king would give a bit of land to the peasants and thats what they would have to work on
first stage of being a knight a page was the first step to becoming a knight
how old do you have to be to become a page you had to be 7 years old to become a page
the second stage to becoming and knight a squire was the second step when becoming and knight
how old would you have to be to become a squire you had to be 14 to become a squire
squire if you were successful as a page you would then become a squire
what do you have to do as a squire as a squire you would assist your knight in battle and your training would become a lot harder
becoming a knight at about the age of 20 you would become a knight
proving that you can be a knight to becoming a knight you would have to prove that you are ready by either proving yourself in a battle or his lord would think that he was worthy enough to become one
what did knights do knights fought in battle for their king and country
what would you do between battles knights would compete in tournaments and jousting to practice their skills
how many peasants peasants were the majority of the population
where did peasants work peasants worked on the kings land and they had to pay taxes for living on it
peasants would be punished for they would be punished for breaking the rules that were set by the lord
peasants clothing peasants had dull and plain and inexpensive clothing
peasants food peasants would only have one meal a day and they enjoyed dancing and teaching their children how to play the lyre
who lived in castles kings and ladies lived in castles as well as the people who worked for the lord
what were castles useful for castles were useful because they were a good defense against enemies and a military base
what did castles have castles had a moat around them with a drawbridge they also had the great wall that was used for banquets, meetings and entertaining
the gatehouse the gate house was a home for the soldiers
what was the dungeon the dungeon was the lowest part of the castle
order od castles the motte and bailey was the first castle, then the stone keep castles and finally the concentric castles
ways to attack a castle mining, battering ram, ballista, catapult, ladder, siege warfare, fire arrows, breaking down defenses, poisoning the water supply and cutting off the food supply
what did knights wear knights were chainmail and armour that was heavy
shields shields became an essential part of warfare as arrows became more popular
catholic church the church was central to the lives of people in medieval Europe
who was the head of the church the pope was the head of the church who lived in Rome
what was the church for church dominated the lives and lifestyle of medieval England. the church chose the feast day, holy days, sabbath days and festivals
after death the medieval people worried about where their souls would go after they die they feared of going to hell
believing everything the church said because all most everyone couldn't read they would believe everything the church figures told them
what did people fear the most with the church they feared that they would be excommunication from the church (banned from the church)
what lead to excommunication crimes against the church
when were women married women were married at the age of 14 and where to have as many babies as possible
what did the women do the role of a women was the feed her husband and to keep the house as well as looking after the children
boys with wealthier families boys had the opportunity to be educated if you had a wealthier family
houses the houses were made from mud brick with a thatched roof and they had 1 or 2 rooms and in winter the animals would be brought into the house
witchcraft witchcraft was considered a crime against god and laws were created to criminalise it by the church
punishment of witchcraft the punishment of witchcraft was trial by ordeal. most accused by witchcraft would be bured at the stake
wise women village wise woman specialized in herb lore and gave plants, herbs and charms to heal the sick. these wise women were often first to be trialled as witches
believing god would protect the innocent there was no jury in medieval Europe and they believed that god would protect the innocent,
main form of punishment the main form of punishment was trial by ordeal
the accused would have to face they would have to face an ordeal and if they survived they would be considered innocent. the ordeal for the poor included trial by fire or water
trial for the noble class trial by combat was reserved for the nobles. where one person would challenge another noble to duel to the death or until one gives in
other forms of punishment included the socks, scolds bridle, the rack punishment for treason= hung, drawn and quartered
who were the crusaders the crusaders were a series of wars there were fought between the christians and muslims over space, jerusalem where jesus died
the crusaders brought new things like new medicines, tools, drugs to stop paon, medicines, gunpowder and other luxury goods come to England's shores
what was the most common medicine herb lore was the most common which was made by the villages wise women
what other things were used in medicines worms and insects
what were leeches used for they were used to bleed out illness
what were surgeons called they were call butchers
hygiene was poor and epidemics often broke out killing many.
the plague was known to be considered the worst killing millions
knowledge there was very little knowledge of illness at this point in history with little knowledge of illness, anatomy and all medicine was based on church teachings
new era of medicine after the plague an interest peaked in anatomy and a new era of medicine evolved
Created by: amie.hourigan