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Social Studies CMS_7

Final Exam Review American Revolution Terms-Very Very Very HELPFUL-

TermDefinition
Sam Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty
Benedict Arnold American who tried to sell West Point to the British
John Burgoyne British General, "Gentleman Johnny," defeated in Battle of Saratoga
John Hancock First to sign the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry Patriot- "Give me liberty or give me death!"
Hessians German mercenaries-helped British
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence and a president of the U.S.
John Paul Jones American Naval Officer-"I have not yet begun to fight!"
Tories People who supported England during the Revolution
Minute Men Men who could be ready to defend America at a minute's notice
Thomas Paine Wrote "Common Sense" urging patriots to separate from England
Patriots People who wanted the colonies to be free
Rebels People who rebelled against English rule
Redcoats Another name for British soldiers
Paul Revere Made the famous ride that warned the Minute Men that "The British are coming!"
Baron von Steuben Trained Washington's troops at Valley Forge
George Washington General of the Continental Army and the first president of the U.S.
Boycott To refuse to buy products
Embargo A government organized boycott
Militia Men willing to serve in the army for a short time-not a career soldier
Nationalism Love and loyalty for one's country
Smuggling To sneak goods in or out of a country
Tariff Tax on imported goods
Treason Committing a crime against one's own country
Quartering Act Colonists had to "quarter" British troops-provide a place to live and provide supplies
Stamp Act A tax-colonists had to buy stamps to put on items
Tea Act A tax on tea-resulted in the Boston Tea Party
American Revolution War fought for independence from Britain
Causes of the War "NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!"and England needed to pay the debt of the French and Indian War
Results of the War The colonies became independent- formed U.S.A.
Boston Massacre Clash between British troops and Boston colonists-5 colonists killed
Boston Tea Party Patriots protest the Tea Act-threw tea shipment into Boston Harbor
Battle of Lexington and Concord British tried to capture John Adams, John Hancock and gunpowder
Paul Revere and William Davies Alerted the Minute Men at Lexington and Concord
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the Revolution- France joins the Americas
Valley Forge Baron von Steuben trains Washington's troops in European warfare
West Point Benedict Arnold attempted to sell the plans for the fort on the Hudson River. Whoever controlled the Hudson River would probably win the war.
Yorktown The last battle of the Revolution-Cornwallis surrenders to U.S.
Declaration of Independence Written document declaring the U.S. was free and independent of Britain-lists the reasons for independence
James Otis "No taxation without representation!"
Committee of Correspondence An organized means of keeping New England colonies informed by means of letters-later spread to all colonies
Continental Army Army of the U.S.A. Colonies
Sons of Liberty A secret group organized in Boston to protest acts-Sam Adams
The Mississippi River The western boundary of the U.S. as a result of the treaty of 1782
Created by: watermelon3