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Ch. 11-12 Revolution

This stack is to prepare for the test on Ch. 12-13 American Revolution

TermDefinition
assembly law making bodies on Parliament
town meeting earliest form of self-government in the US
militia a force made up of volunteer soldiers
delegate member of the assembly had to be an adult white male
Thomas Jefferson elected official of Virginia House of Burgess He was also the drafter of the Declaration of Independence and the second president
John Adams The third president, a lawyer who was elected to the Massachusetts assembly in 1770.
John Paul Zenger a German immigrant who printed stories against the royal government he was jailed for his publishing these stories.
Phillis Wheatley an African American and slave who wrote poems about freeing the slaves
Williamsburg the capital of Virginia where the House of Burgesses met.
liberty it means freedom to govern yourself
rebel to refuse to obey those in charge because of different ideas about what is right
Stamp Act of 1765 British Law placing taxes on the colonies every time they bought a newspaper or signed a legal document
Patrick Henry a burgess who spoke out against the stamp act
treason the betrayal of one's country by giving help to its enemies
Sons of Liberty groups that organized protests against the British
Sam Adams wrote articles for Boston newspapers attacking the Stamp Act
repealed means to cancel
Townshend Acts a tax that made colonists pay taxes on tea and any other import from Britain
boycott refuse to buy something
Crispus Attucks a former slave who was one of the colonist killed at the Boston Massacre
Committees of Correspondence groups of colonists who held meetings to inform colonists about important events.
Boston Tea Party major protest against the British colonists dumped 342 cases into the Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts the laws passed by the British that order the colonist to pay for the wasted tea and ordered the colonist to feed and house the British soldiers
political cartoon expression of opinions about people, events, or issues by drawings in newspapers/magazines
First Continental Congress colonial delegates who met in 1774 in Philadelphia to oppose the Intolerable Acts
petition written request signed by many people
minutemen soldiers who had to be ready at a minute's notice
American Revolution the sudden, violent rebellion against the British in the colonies
Lexington and Concord first battles of the American Revolution
John Hancock a leading Boston patriot who signed the Declaration of Independence in large letters
Paul Revere a silversmith and patriot who is famous for warning the colonists the British were coming to attack Concord
William Dawes he helped Paul Revere spread the word that the British were attacking Concord
John Parker led the militia against the British at Lexington
Patrick Henry a Virginian whose fiery speeches convinced the House of Burgesses that a final break with Britain was near. "Give me Liberty or Give me Death!"
Ethan Allen led the Green Mountain Boys to capture Fort Ticondergoga
Fort Ticonderoga a main British supply post captured by the colonists
Israel Putnam led the colonists at Bunker Hill He is famous for ordering the command, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes!"
Battle of Bunker Hill the site near Charlestown where the British were defeated and lost a 1,000 soldiers.
Second Continental Congress met in 1775 to discuss the battle plan against the British
Thomas Paine he wrote Common Sense that stated the colonists owed no loyalty to the British king
William Howe British General who refused to leave Boston. He was forced out by Henry Knox and the colonial army
Continental Army the army created by the colonists to fight the British
traitor someone who turns against their country
Declaration of Independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson it is the official document signed July 4th 1776 explaining why the american colonies broke from Britian
Monticello home of Thomas Jefferson
John Locke his writings influenced Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence
loyalists people who remained loyal to the British
mercenaries hired soldiers payed to fight in wars
Patriots the group of Americans who supported the fight against the British
Mount Vernon George Washington's home in Virginia
Trenton battle where Washington crossed the Delaware and surprised the British A great victory for the Continental Army
Valley Forge the place where Washington set up camp during the harsh winter of 1777-78
John Paul Jones american sea captain he was the first naval hero
Benedict Arnold helped win battles at Saratoga and Fort Ticonderoga He later became a traitor who fought for the British
Mary Ludwig Hays helped troops by bringing water and load cannons "Molly Pitcher"
Haym Salomon Jewish spy for the Patriots
Charles Cornwallis led the last stand for the British at Yorktown, Virginia
Treaty of Paris this ended the American Revolution in 1783 The British recognized the independence of the United States
Created by: mrbaker11